West Bengal Board Social Science Syllabus for Class 9


West Bengal Board Syllabus for Class 9 Social Science

Class 9
Social Science Syllabus

UNIT 1 : INDIA IN THE TWENTIETH, CENTURY

UNIT 1: Learning outcomes

* After learning this unit students
* To understand modern India in context with the global development.
* Types of exploitation during Colonial rule - sudden swoop over the people's freedom in Africa and Asia
* To understand the contribution of the desire for freedom in development of nationalism.
* To understand and value various methods of freedom struggle -and the sacrifices made by the freedom fighters.
* To value the fact that Indian did not consider caste , religion or region in their fight for freedom.
* To understand that our freedom is achieved after many sacrifices and it is our duty to protect and preserve our independence.
* To feel proud about the nation and to be ready to protect the national unity and integration.
* To understand the effects of the policy of non- violence and its references.
* To understand the national movements of African and Asian nations and rise of independent nations.
* To analyse the causes and results of the World war.
* To understand the effects made in the direction of regional and international peace.
* To understand the main events and treaties (political) after 1945.

Syllabus - Topics
(1) India in the 20th century

* Various events in the development of the World
* Colonialism in Western Europe, Africa and Asia.
* First World War (1914 -18) - causes and results.
* Russian Bolshevik revolution 1917.
* Efforts for World peace - League of, nations and peaceful negotiations.

(2) A departure towards a new World

* Rise of Fascism and Nazism.
* Nationalism and movement in Asia and Africa
* Second World war (1939-45)-causes and results.

(3) National movement in India

* Effects of British rule on India.
* Social and religious reform movement and their effects.
* Indian national movement (1857 - 1927)
* Extreme national movement -its use and development.
* Boycott of foreign goods and Swadeshi movement.
* Muslim League (1906)
* Morley Minto reforms 1909
* Revolutionary movements - arrival of Gandhiji in India.
* Jalianwala massacre and other events of tyramy.
* Khilafat movement - non cooperation movement and Swaraj party-

(4) Indian National Movement 1927 - 47

* Simon Commission - 1927
* Demand for complete independence 1929
* Civil Disobedience movement 1930 - 32
* Dandi March
* Quit India movement 1942
* INA and Subhash Chandra Bose
* Indian independence - partition of India.

(5) World after 1945

* Charter of UN
* Cold war(1945 - 62) causes and results
* Formation of Military blocks.
* Arms race - creation of nuclear war weapon and their uses.
* Creation of nuclear war , weapons and their uses.
* Independence of Asian and African nations.
* Non - Alignment movement.
* Division and unification of Germany
* Break up of Soviet Union.

(6) India after independence

* making of Indian constitution.
* merger of native states.
* Merger of Goa and Pondicherry.
* Reconstruction of states on the basis of languages.
* Unity among the tribal communities.
* Regionalism and regional discrimination
* Development of science and technology.
* India's contribution in International areas - relations with Super powers - USA and Russia.
* Relation with neighbouring countries - Pakistan Nepal China Bangladesh , Myanmar and Srilanka

Unit 1 Projects and activities

* To arrange group discussions
* To prepare an album of pictures and photographs of freedom fighters.
* To prepare a map of India showing the centres and their names where the freedom struggle, took place.
* To arrange visits and talks of freedom fighters.
* To show films related to Sardar , Gandhi , Veer Sawarkar , bayanan&$Araswatil
* To visit places related to freedom struggle and historical places..
* To read excerpts from the biographies of people like Sardar Patel, Gandhiji, Chandra
Shekhar Azad, Bhagat Singh, Subhash Chandra Bose etc.
* To arrange debate and essay writing competitions.

UNIT 2 : (RELATION OF A MODERN NATION)
UNIT 2 Learning Outcomes
Students after studying this -

* To understand formation of new states on the basis of language and expectations.
* To recognise the values and principles which led to freedom movement and formation of our constitution.
* To spread the main principles of our contribution.
* To understand the working of Legislature , Executive and Judiciary at the centre, state and local level.
* To understand the fundamental rights given in the constitution.
* To discuss the duties of a man in his life and towards the society.
* To give respect to National symbols and to develop the desire to preserve the unity and integrity of our nation.
* To understand the importance of Directive principle of administration.
* To argue in favour of Democracy.
* To analyse the success of Democracy due to self discipline , involvement of the people
and public opinion.
* To understand various organizations for the formation of strong public opinion.
* To understand the importance of Franchise.
* To understand the importance of election and contribution of political parties.

Syllabus - Topics for study
(1) Political map of India after Independence -

* merger of native states and reformation of the states.
* Formation of new states and their expectations.

(2) Making of the constitution

* Preamble of the constitution and its basic principles - democracy socialism and secularism.
* Main characteristics of the constitution
* Important constituents of the Government, its working , Central , state and local level governments.
* Fundamental rights , basic duties and directive principles of politics.

(3) Indian Democracy

* its working
* universal adult franchise
* public opinion
* elections and political parties
* welfare organizations

Unit 2 Project and activities

* To arrange discussions on the benefits of formation of new states based on regional expectations.
* To arrange group discussions on unity in diversity.
* To arrange a fancy dress competition based on food , languages clothing of different regions.
* To arrange secret election of class representatives and council of students.
* To give training about elections (eg. - to file nomination paper , election , counting of votes)
* To show states in the map of India.

UNIT 3 - INDIA , LAND AND PEOPLE
Learning Outcomes - the students after studying this

* To learn about the different types of land , landforms , rocks and minerals.
* To recognise various factors effecting the climate Jo understand the diversity of climate of our country and its effects on people.
* To understand the importance of monsoon season and its effect on everyone.
* To learn and understand the country's river system and its contribution in development of man and society.
* To know about diversity of plant and animal life and its distribution.
* To ponder over conservation and preservation of living beings of our country.
* To analyse the unequal distribution of population and worry about population explosion.
* To discuss various activities and understand factors leading to the changes in the population.
* Various aspects of national policy on population and understand the needs of the adults of less advantageous group of people.

Topics of study
India - location , topography , land formation main physical division rocks and minerals land forms and its distribution and its effects on human life.

* Factors effecting the climate
Monsoon climate, its features, rainfall and temperature and its distribution seasons climate and human life.
* Water resources
Rivers and its tributaries, lakes and sea, river's contribution on economy, river pollution, remedies to check pollution.
* Natural vegetation
Types of vegetation, distribution, changes according to the altitudes, remedies for its conservation and necessity.
* Wild life
Main varieties of animals, their distribution, necessity for their preservations and remedies.
* Population
Size, distribution, transfer of population for changes, a decise force, literacy, health,occupational structure, national population policy related to specific needs the unproductive part of the population - the youth , its standard.

UNIT 3 Projects and activities

* Research - To prepare a report on local structure of land, social life eg:- transport communication and settlements.
* Note- River pollution, rain water harvesting, deforestation and increase in Global temperature, denundation of land due to water.
* Any one activity is compulsory.

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