Rajasthan Board Political Science Syllabus for Class 12

Rajasthan Board Syllabus for Class 12 Political Science

Contemporary World-Politics


1. Cold War Era in World Politics


Emergence of two power blocs after the second world war. Arenas of the cold war.

Challenges to Bipolarity: Non Aligned Movement, quest for new international economic

order. India and the cold war


2. Disintegration of the ‘Second World’ and the Collapse of Bipolarity


New entities in world politics: Russia, Balkan states and Central Asian states,

Introduction of democratic politics and capitalism in post-communist regimes. India’s

relations with Russia and other post-communist countries.


3. US Dominance in World Politics:


Emergence(Growth) of unilateralism: Afghanistan, first Gulf War, response to 9/11 and

attack on Iraq. Dominance and challenge to the US in economy and ideology. India’s

renegotiation of its relationship with the USA.


4. Alternative Centres of Economic and Political Power:


Rise of China as an economic power in post-Mao era, creation and expansion of

European Union, ASEAN. India’s changing relations with China.


5. South Asia in the Post-Cold War Era:


Democratization and its reversals in Pakistan and Nepal. Ethnic conflict in Sri Lanka,

Impact of economic globalization on the region. Conflicts and efforts for peace in South

Asia. India’s relations with its neighbors.


6. International Organizations in a unipolar World:


Restructuring and the future of the UN. India’s position in the restructured UN. Rise of

new international actors: new international economic organizations, NGOs. How

democratic and accountable are the new institutions of global governance?


7. Security in Contemporary World:


Traditional concerns of security and politics of disarmament. Non-traditional or human

security: global poverty, health and education. Issues of human rights and migration


8.Environment and Natural Resources in Global Politics:


Environment movement and evolution of global environmental norms. Conflicts over

traditional and common property resources. Rights of indigenous people. India’s stand

in global environmental debates.


9.Globalization and Its Critics.


Economic, cultural and political manifestations. Debates on the nature of consequences

of globalization. Anti-globalization movements. India as an arena of globalization and

struggle against it.



Politics of India Since Independence


10. Nation-Building and Its Problems:


Nehru’s approach to nation-building: Legacy of partition: challenge of ‘refugee’

resettlement, the Kashmir problem. Organization and reorganization of states; Political

conflicts over language.


11.Era of One-Party Dominance:


First three general elections, nature of Congress dominance at the national level, uneven

dominance at the state level, coalitional nature of Congress. Major opposition parties.


12. Politics of Planned Development


Five year plans, expansion of state sector and the rise of new economic interests.

Famine and suspension of five year plans. Green revolution and its political fallouts


13. India’s External Relations


Nehru’s foreign policy. Sino-Indian war of 1962, Indo-Pak war of 1965 and 1971.

India’s nuclear programme and shifting alliances in world politics.


14. Challenge to and Restoration of Congress System:


Political succession after Nehru. Non-Congressism and electoral upset of 1967,

Congress split and reconstitution, Congress’ victory in 1971 elections, politics of ‘garibi



15. Crisis of the Constitutional Order:


Search for ‘committed’ bureaucracy and judiciary. Navnirman movement in Gujarat and the Bihar movement. Emergency: context, constitutional and extra-constitutional dimensions, resistance to emergency. 1977 elections and the formation of Janata Party.

Rise of civil liberties organizations.


16. Regional Aspirations and Conflicts


Rise of regional parties. Punjab crisis and the anti-Sikh riots of 1984. The Kashmir

situation. Challenges and responses in the North East.


17. Rise of New Social Movements:


Farmers’ movements, Women’s movement, Environment and Development-affected

people’s movements. Implementation of Mandal Commission report and its aftermath.


18. Recent Developments in Indian politics:


Participatory upsurge in 1990s. Rise of the Janta Dal and the BJP. Increasing role of

regional parties and coalition politics. UF and NDA governments. Elections 2004 and UPA



Prescribed Books:


1. Contemporary World Politics - NCERT's Book Published under Copyright


2. Politics of India Since Independence - NCERT's Book Published under Copyright


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