Rajasthan Board Geography Syllabus for Class 11

Rajasthan Board Syllabus for Class 11 Geography

Part A : Fundamentals of Physical Geography


Geography as an integrating discipline, as a science of spatial attributes;

Branches of geography; importance of physical geography.


Unit 1. Geography as a discipline


Unit 2. The Earth

Origin and evolution of the earth; Interior of the earth; Wegener’s continental drift theory and plate tectonics;

Earthquakes and volcanoes.

Unit 3: Landforms

Rocks; major types of rocks and their characteristics;


Landforms and their evolution


Geomorphic processes; weathering, mass wasting, erosion and deposition; soil formation


Unit 4: Climate

Atmosphere – composition and structure; elements of weather and climate.


Isolation-angle of incidence and distribution; heat budget of the earth heating

and cooling of atmosphere (conduction, convection, terrestrial radiation and

adyection); temperature factors controlling temperature; distribution of temperature

horizontal and vertical; inversion of temperature.


Pressure – pressure belts; winds-planetary, seasonal and local; air masses and

fronts; tropical and extra tropical cyclones.


Precipitation – evaporation; condensation- dew, frost, fog, mist and cloud; rainfall types

and world distribution.


World climates – classification (Koeppen), greenhouse effect, global warning

and climatic changes

Unit 5: Water (Oceans)

Hydrological Cycle.


Oceans – distribution of temperature and salinity ; movements of ocean water –

waves. Tides and currents; submarine reliefs.

Unit 6: Life on the Earth

Biosphere – importance of plants and other organisms; biodiversity and conservation; ecosystem and ecological balance.

Unit 7: Map work on identification of features based on the above units

on the outline political map of the world.



Part B: India – Physical Environment


Unit 8: Introduction

Location – space relations and India’s place in the world.

Unit 9: Physio-graphic

  • Structure and Relief;

  • Drainage systems: concept of watershed; the Himalayan and the Peninsular.

  • Physio-graphic divisions.


Unit 10 : Climate, Vegetation and Soil

  • Weather and climate – spatial and temporal distribution of temperature, pressure winds and rainfall, Indian monsoon: mechanism, onset and withdrawal, variability of rainfalls: spatial and termporal; Climatic types (koeppen)

  • Natural vegetation – forest types and distribution; wild life; conservation; biosphere reserves;

  • Soils – major types (ICAR’s Classification) and their distribution, soil degradation and conservation.

Unit 11: Natural Hazards and Disasters: Causes, Consequences and

Management (One case study to be introduced for each topic)

  • Floods and droughts

  • Earthquakes and Tsunami

  • Cyclones

  • Landslides

Unit 12 : Map Work of features based on above units for locating and

labeling on the outline Political map of India.



C. Practical Work


Unit 1: Fundamentals of Maps

  • Maps- Types; scales-types; construction of simple linear scale, measuring distance; finding direction and use of symbols.

  • Latitude, longitude and time.

  • Map projection – typology, construction and properties of projection : Conical with one standard parallel and Mercator’s projection

Unit 2: Topographic and Weather Maps

  • Study of topographic maps (1 : 50,000 or 1 : 25, 000 Survey of India maps);

    contour cross section and identification of land form – slopes, hills, valleys waterfall, cliffs; distribution of settlements.

  • Aerial Photographs: Types & Geometry – vertical aerial photographs; difference between maps & aerial photographs; photo scale determination.

  • Satellite imageries, stages in remote sensing data-acquisition, platform & sensors and data products, (photographic & digital).

  • Identification of physical & cultural features from aerial photographs & satellite imageries

  • Use of weather instruments: thermometer, wet and dry-build thermometer, barometer, wind vane, rain gauge.

  • Use of weather charts: describing pressure, win and rainfall distribution.

Unit 3: Practical Record Book and Viva voce



Prescribed Books:

1. Fundamentals of Physical Geography : NCERT's Book Published under Copyright

2. India Physical Environment : NCERT's Book Published under Copyright

3. Practical Work in Geography : NCERT's Book Published under Copyright

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