Rajasthan Board Biology Syllabus for Class 11

Rajasthan Board Syllabus for Class 11 Biology

Time : 3.15 Hours

Total marks : 100


Unit-I Diversity in Living World


Diversity of living organisms


Classification of the living organisms (five kingdom classification, major groups and

principles of classification within each kingdom).


Systematics and binomial System of nomenclature.


Salient features of animal (non-chordates up to phylum level and chordates up to class

level) and plant (major groups; Angiosperms up to class) classification, viruses, viroids,

lichens Botanical gardens, herbaria, zoological parks and museums.


Unit-II Structural Organization in Animals and Plants


Tissues in animals and plants.


Morphology, anatomy and functions of different parts of flowering plants: Root, stem,

leaf,inflorescence, flower, fruit and seed.


Morphology, anatomy and functions of different systems of an annelid (earthworm), an

insect(cockroach) and an amphibian (frog).


Unit-III Cell: Structure and Function


Cell: Cell theory; Prokanyotic and encaryotic cell, cell wall, cell membrane and cell

organelles’ (plastids, mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi bodies/dictyosomes,

ibosomes, lysosomes, vacuoles, centrioles) and nuclear organization.


Mitosis, meiosis, cell cycle.


Basic chemical constituents of living bodies.

Structure and functions of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids.

Enzymes: types, properties and function.


Unit-IV Plant Physiology


Movement of water, food, nutrients and gases, Plants and Water Mineral nutrition,

Respiration, Photosynthesis, Plant growth and development.


Unit-V Human Physiology


Digestion and absorption.

Breathing and respiration.

Body fluids and circulation.

Excretory products and elimination.

Locomotion and movement.

Neural control and coordination,

chemical coordination and regulation.




A. List of Experiments


1. Study and describe three locally available common flowering plants from each

of the following families (Solanaceae, Fabaceae and Liliaceae)Types of root (tap or

adventitious) ,stem (herbaceous/woody) leaf arrangement/shapes/venation/simple or



2. Preparation and study of T.S. of dicot and monocot roots and stems (primary).


3. Study of osmosis by potato osmometer.


4. Study of plasmolysis in epidermal peels (e.g. Rhoeo leaves).


5. Study of distribution of stomata in the upper and lower surface of leaves.


6. Comparative study of the rates of transpiration in the upper and lower surface

of leaves.


7. Test for the presence of sugar, starch, proteins and fats. To detect them in

suitable plant and animal materials.


8. Separate plant pigments through paper chromatography.


9. To study the rate of respiration in flower buds and germinating seeds.


10. To study effect of salivary amalyse on starch.


11. To test the presence of urea, sugar, albumin and bile salts in urine.


B. Study/observation of the following (spotting)


1. Study parts of a compound microscope.


2. Study of the specimens and identification with reasons-Bacteria, Oscillatoria,

Spirogyra, Rhizopus, Mushroom, Yeast, Liverwort, Moss, Fern, Pines, one monocotyledon

and one dicotyledon and one lichen.


3. Study of specimens and identification with reasons-Amoeba, Hydra, Liverfluke,

Ascaris, Leech, Earthworm, Prawn, Silkworm, Honeybee, Snail, Starfish, Shark, Rohu,

Frog, Lizard, Pigeon and Rabbit.


4. Study of tissues and diversity in shapes and sizes of plant and animal cells (e.g.

palisade cells, guard cells, parenchyma, collenchyma, sclerenchyma, xylem, phloem,

squamous epithelium, muscle fibres and mammalian blood smear) through temporary/

permanent slides.


5. Study of mitosis in onion root tip cells and animals cells (grasshopper) from

permanent slides.


6. Study of different modifications in root, stem and leaves.


7. Study and identify different type of inflorescences.


8. Study of imbibition in seeds/ raisins.


9. Observation and comments on the experimental set up on :


(a) Anaerobic respiration (b) Photoropism

(c) Apical bud removal (d) Suction due to transpiration

10. To Study human skeleton and different types of joints.


11. Study of morphology of earthworm, cockroach and frog through models/

preserved specimens.


Prescribed Books -

Biology : NCERT's Book Published under Copyright

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