# Maharashtra Board Physics Syllabus for Class 11

## Maharashtra Board Syllabus for Class 11 Physics

Maharashtra Board Syllabus

Class 11

PHYSICS

( Syllabus)

Std. XI

1. Measurements

Introduction, Need for measurement, Units for measurement, System of Units,

S.I. Units, Fundamental and derived units, Dimensional analysis, Order of magnitude and

significant figures, Accuracy and errors in measurement.

2. Scalars and Vectors

Addition and subtraction of vectors, Product of vectors.

3. Projectile motion

Uniformly accelerated motion along straight line, Non uniform motion, Position time graph and

velocity-time graph, Equation of a projectile path, Time of flight, Horizontal range, Maximum

height of a projectile, Relative velocity.

4. Force

Types of forces, General idea of gravitation, electromagnetic and nuclear forces, Law of

conservation of momentum, Work done by a variable force. Work-energy theorem, Elastic and

inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions, Inertial and non-intertial frames, Moment of

force, Couple and properties of couple, Centre of mass, Centre of gravity, Conditions of

equilibrium of a rigid body.

5. Friction in solids and liquids

Origin and nature of frictional forces, Laws of static friction, Laws of kinetic friction, Pressure

due to fluid column, Pascal‟s Law and its applications, Effect of gravity on fluid pressure,

Viscosity, Streamline flow, Turbulent flow, Viscous force, Newton‟s formula, Stokes‟ law,

Equation for terminal velocity, Raynold‟s number, Bernoulli‟s principle and its applications.

6. Sound Waves

Waves and oscillations, Progressive waves, Characteristics of transverse waves, Characteristics

of longitudinal waves, Sound as longitudinal wave motion, Relation between v, f and, ƛ

Newton‟s formula for velocity of sound, Laplace‟s correction.

7. Thermal properties of matter

Temperature and heat, Measurement of temperature, Ideal-gas equation and absolute

temperature, Thermal expansion, Specific heat capacity, Calorimetry, Change of state, Latent

heat, Heat transfer.

8. Refraction of Light

Refraction of monochromatic light, Snell‟s law, Total internal reflection, Critical angle, Optical

fibre, Dispersion of light, Prism formula, Angular dispersion and dispersive power, Rainbow,

Scattering of light, Blue colour of sky, Colour of sun at sunrise and sunset. Elementary idea of

Raman effect.

9. Ray optics

Reflection of light by spherical mirrors, Refraction at single curved surface, Lens maker‟s

equation, Combination of thin lenses in contact, Concept of conjugate focii, Correction of eye

defects, Magnifying power of simple microscope, Magnifying power of compound microscope,

Magnifying power of telescope, Reflecting telescope - schematic diagram with explanation.

10. Electrostatics

Frictional electricity, Charges and their conservation, Coulomb‟s law and dielectric constant,

Forces between multiple electric charges, Superposition principle of forces, Continuous

distribution of charges, Concept of charge density, Electric field intensity, Potential energy,

Electric potential due to point charge, Relation between electric field intensity and potential,

Potential difference, Volt and electron volt, Electric dipole and dipole moment, Electric lines of

force. Equipotential surfaces, P.E. of single charge and system of charges.

11. Current electricity

Ohm‟s law, Resistance, Specific resistance, Temperature dependence of resistance, Colour code

of carbon resistor, Series and parallel combination of resistors, E.M.F. and internal resistance

of cell, Work done by electric current, Power in electric circuit, Cells in series and in parallel,

Elementary idea of secondary cells.

12. Magnetic effect of electric current

Oersted’s experiment, Biot Savart‟s law, Right hand rule, Magnetic induction at the centre of

circular coil carrying current, Magnetic induction at a point along the axis of a coil carrying

current, Fleming‟s left hand rule, Force between two infinitely long current carrying parallel

conductors, Definition of Ampere, Force acting on a conductor carrying current in magnetic

field, Torque on a current loop in magnetic field.

13. Magnetism

Origin of magnetism due to moving charges, Equivalence between magnetic dipole and circular

coil carrying current, Definition of magnetic dipole moment and its unit, Torque acting on a

magnet in uniform magnetic induction, Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, Magnetic field

lines, Magnetic induction due to bar magnet at a point along the axis and at a point along

equator, Earth‟s magnetic field and magnetic elements, Electromagnets and factors affecting

their strength.

14. Electromagnetic waves

Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics, Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves,

Electromagnetic spectrum, Space communication, Propagation of electromagnetic waves in

atmosphere.

1. Use of Vernier Callipers.

2. Use of Screw gauge.

3. To determine radius of curvature of a given spherical surface by a spherometer.

4. To find the weight of a given body using parallelogram law of vectors.

5. To study the relationship between force of limiting friction and normal reaction and to find co-efficient of friction between a block and a horizontal surface.

6. To determine resistance per cm of a given wire by plotting a graph of potential difference versus current.

7. To find the value of „v‟ for different values of „u‟ in case of a „concave mirror and to find the focal length.

8. To find the focal length of a convex lens by plotting graphs between „u‟ and „v‟or between „1/u‟ and „1/v‟.

9. To find the focal length of a convex mirror, using a convex lens.

10. To find the focal length of a concave lens, using a convex lens.

11. To determine angle of minimum deviation for a given prism by plotting a graph between

angle of incidence and angle of deviation.

12. To determine refractive index of a glass using a travelling microscope.

13. To find refractive index of a liquid by using (i) concave mirror, (ii) convex lens and plane

mirror.

14. To determine specific heat capacity of a given (i) liquid (ii) solid, by method of mixtures.

1. To make a paper scale of given least count, e.g. 0.2 cm, 0.5 cm.

2. To determine mass of a given body using a meter scale by principle of moments.

3. To plot a graph for a given set of data, with proper choice of scales and error bars.

4. To measure the force of limiting friction for rolling of a roller on a horizontal plane.

5. To study the variation in range of a jet of water with angle of projection.

6. To measure resistance, voltage (AC/DC), current (AC) and check continuity of a given circuit

using multimeter.

7. To observe refraction and lateral deviation of a beam of light incident obliquely on a glass

slab.

8. To study the nature and size of image formed by (i) convex lens (ii) concave mirror, on a

screen by using a candle and a screen (for different distances of the candle from the lens/mirror).

9. To obtain a lens combination with the specified focal length by using two lenses from the

given set of lenses.

10. To note the change in level of liquid in a container on heating and interpret the observations.

Class 11

PHYSICS

( Syllabus)

Std. XI

1. Measurements

Introduction, Need for measurement, Units for measurement, System of Units,

S.I. Units, Fundamental and derived units, Dimensional analysis, Order of magnitude and

significant figures, Accuracy and errors in measurement.

2. Scalars and Vectors

Addition and subtraction of vectors, Product of vectors.

3. Projectile motion

Uniformly accelerated motion along straight line, Non uniform motion, Position time graph and

velocity-time graph, Equation of a projectile path, Time of flight, Horizontal range, Maximum

height of a projectile, Relative velocity.

4. Force

Types of forces, General idea of gravitation, electromagnetic and nuclear forces, Law of

conservation of momentum, Work done by a variable force. Work-energy theorem, Elastic and

inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions, Inertial and non-intertial frames, Moment of

force, Couple and properties of couple, Centre of mass, Centre of gravity, Conditions of

equilibrium of a rigid body.

5. Friction in solids and liquids

Origin and nature of frictional forces, Laws of static friction, Laws of kinetic friction, Pressure

due to fluid column, Pascal‟s Law and its applications, Effect of gravity on fluid pressure,

Viscosity, Streamline flow, Turbulent flow, Viscous force, Newton‟s formula, Stokes‟ law,

Equation for terminal velocity, Raynold‟s number, Bernoulli‟s principle and its applications.

6. Sound Waves

Waves and oscillations, Progressive waves, Characteristics of transverse waves, Characteristics

of longitudinal waves, Sound as longitudinal wave motion, Relation between v, f and, ƛ

Newton‟s formula for velocity of sound, Laplace‟s correction.

7. Thermal properties of matter

Temperature and heat, Measurement of temperature, Ideal-gas equation and absolute

temperature, Thermal expansion, Specific heat capacity, Calorimetry, Change of state, Latent

heat, Heat transfer.

8. Refraction of Light

Refraction of monochromatic light, Snell‟s law, Total internal reflection, Critical angle, Optical

fibre, Dispersion of light, Prism formula, Angular dispersion and dispersive power, Rainbow,

Scattering of light, Blue colour of sky, Colour of sun at sunrise and sunset. Elementary idea of

Raman effect.

9. Ray optics

Reflection of light by spherical mirrors, Refraction at single curved surface, Lens maker‟s

equation, Combination of thin lenses in contact, Concept of conjugate focii, Correction of eye

defects, Magnifying power of simple microscope, Magnifying power of compound microscope,

Magnifying power of telescope, Reflecting telescope - schematic diagram with explanation.

10. Electrostatics

Frictional electricity, Charges and their conservation, Coulomb‟s law and dielectric constant,

Forces between multiple electric charges, Superposition principle of forces, Continuous

distribution of charges, Concept of charge density, Electric field intensity, Potential energy,

Electric potential due to point charge, Relation between electric field intensity and potential,

Potential difference, Volt and electron volt, Electric dipole and dipole moment, Electric lines of

force. Equipotential surfaces, P.E. of single charge and system of charges.

11. Current electricity

Ohm‟s law, Resistance, Specific resistance, Temperature dependence of resistance, Colour code

of carbon resistor, Series and parallel combination of resistors, E.M.F. and internal resistance

of cell, Work done by electric current, Power in electric circuit, Cells in series and in parallel,

Elementary idea of secondary cells.

12. Magnetic effect of electric current

Oersted’s experiment, Biot Savart‟s law, Right hand rule, Magnetic induction at the centre of

circular coil carrying current, Magnetic induction at a point along the axis of a coil carrying

current, Fleming‟s left hand rule, Force between two infinitely long current carrying parallel

conductors, Definition of Ampere, Force acting on a conductor carrying current in magnetic

field, Torque on a current loop in magnetic field.

13. Magnetism

Origin of magnetism due to moving charges, Equivalence between magnetic dipole and circular

coil carrying current, Definition of magnetic dipole moment and its unit, Torque acting on a

magnet in uniform magnetic induction, Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, Magnetic field

lines, Magnetic induction due to bar magnet at a point along the axis and at a point along

equator, Earth‟s magnetic field and magnetic elements, Electromagnets and factors affecting

their strength.

14. Electromagnetic waves

Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics, Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves,

Electromagnetic spectrum, Space communication, Propagation of electromagnetic waves in

atmosphere.

**Physics**

List of Practicals

Std. XIList of Practicals

Std. XI

1. Use of Vernier Callipers.

2. Use of Screw gauge.

3. To determine radius of curvature of a given spherical surface by a spherometer.

4. To find the weight of a given body using parallelogram law of vectors.

5. To study the relationship between force of limiting friction and normal reaction and to find co-efficient of friction between a block and a horizontal surface.

6. To determine resistance per cm of a given wire by plotting a graph of potential difference versus current.

7. To find the value of „v‟ for different values of „u‟ in case of a „concave mirror and to find the focal length.

8. To find the focal length of a convex lens by plotting graphs between „u‟ and „v‟or between „1/u‟ and „1/v‟.

9. To find the focal length of a convex mirror, using a convex lens.

10. To find the focal length of a concave lens, using a convex lens.

11. To determine angle of minimum deviation for a given prism by plotting a graph between

angle of incidence and angle of deviation.

12. To determine refractive index of a glass using a travelling microscope.

13. To find refractive index of a liquid by using (i) concave mirror, (ii) convex lens and plane

mirror.

14. To determine specific heat capacity of a given (i) liquid (ii) solid, by method of mixtures.

**Physics**

List of Activities

Std. XIList of Activities

Std. XI

1. To make a paper scale of given least count, e.g. 0.2 cm, 0.5 cm.

2. To determine mass of a given body using a meter scale by principle of moments.

3. To plot a graph for a given set of data, with proper choice of scales and error bars.

4. To measure the force of limiting friction for rolling of a roller on a horizontal plane.

5. To study the variation in range of a jet of water with angle of projection.

6. To measure resistance, voltage (AC/DC), current (AC) and check continuity of a given circuit

using multimeter.

7. To observe refraction and lateral deviation of a beam of light incident obliquely on a glass

slab.

8. To study the nature and size of image formed by (i) convex lens (ii) concave mirror, on a

screen by using a candle and a screen (for different distances of the candle from the lens/mirror).

9. To obtain a lens combination with the specified focal length by using two lenses from the

given set of lenses.

10. To note the change in level of liquid in a container on heating and interpret the observations.

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