Madhya Pradesh Board Science Syllabus for Class 10

Madhya Pradesh Board Syllabus for Class 10 Science

Science(Compulsory)syllabus for class X_2007-08

Time: 3 hours
Theory: 75
practical: 25




Rate of Chemical reaction, Chemical equilibrium and important chemical compounds

Rate of Chemical reaction, chemical equilibrium and some important chemical compounds :- Chemical reactions and some important chemical compounds.


Rate of chemical and Chemical equilibrium :- Elementary idea of rate of chemical reaction, slow and fast chemical reactions; reversible and irreversible reactions, chemical equilibrium dynamic nature only. Acids and Bases. pH scale, Thermal changes in chemical reaction.


Some important chemical compounds :- Method of preparation / manufacture (only outline), Properties and using of washing soda, baking soda, bleaching powder and plaster of paris. Manufacture of some important building materials lime, cement, Glass and steel.

6 Marks

17 Periods



Nature of light : - Reflection of light, Laws of reflection, Reflection from plane and spherical surface, plane mirror, convex and concave mirror, sign conversions, Derivation of formula of mirror, magnification.

Refraction of Light :- Laws of refraction, Refraction through a rectangular slab; concave and convex lens and image formation by them, Lens formula (Simple derivation), Sign conversation, Power of a lens. Some optical phenomena in nature/ Twinkling of stars, mirages, Defects of vision and their correction.


Optical instruments :- Structure and working of a compound microscope and an Astronomical telescope.


Dispersion :- Dispersion of white light by a glass prism, composition of white light, colors of objects and pigments, superposition of primary colors of light.

7 Marks

16 Periods



Electricity and its effects :- Potential and Potential difference, electrical current, ohm's law, Electric resistance, combination of electric resistance in series and parallel, Thermal effect of electricity and its uses. Power, Commercial unit of electrical energy. Chemical effects of electric Current :- Electrolysis, Laws of faraday. (Excluding equation). Electroplating, Electro chemical cell, Dry cell.

Magnetic effect of Electric Current :- Magnetic field due to flow of electric current in straight coil, solenoid (qualitative knowledge), Electromagnetic induction; Electric motor and Generator (D.C.) Direct and alternative current (qualitative idea)

Domestic electric circuits, Safety measures in using the electricity.

8 Marks

17 Periods


Sources of Energy

Source of Energy :- Renewable and Non-renewable sources, Renewable sources : Solar energy (Solar Cooker, Solar water heater, Solar Cell); Wind energy, Hydro energy (Tides of Ocean, Hydroelectric), Geothermal wood, Biogas, Hydrogen and Alcohol.


Non renewable source :-

Fossil fuel (Coal, Petroleum and Natural gas). Conditions for Combustion choice of a good Fuel, Fuel efficiency, nuclear fusion and nuclear fission, chain reaction, Nuclear reactor (Basic principles; Safety measures). Advantages and hazards of nuclear energy, uses of energy. Mangal Turbine (Fuel less turbine). Principle, working and uses.

5 Marks

11 Periods


Life processes, Digestion and respiration

Life Processes :-

Nutrition, Modes of nutrition : Autotrophic, heterotruphic, Parasitic and saprophytis.


Nutrition of plants : - Photosynthesis factors affecting the photosynthesis:


Nutrition in animals :- Ameba grasshopper, digestive system of human.


Respiration :- Respiration and Breathing Respiration in Plants and animals type of respiration : Aerobic and anerobic respiration; Respiration through Skin, gills, trachea lungs. (Earthworm, Fishes, Grasshopper and Human). Knowledge of structure and function of respiratory system of human.

6 Marks

11 Periods


Transportation, Excretion

Transportation :- Transportation in Plants and animals. (Water, minerals, food). Transportation in Human, Composition and function of blood, Clotting of blood, Blood Groups. Transfusion of blood, Heart, structure and functions of blood vessel (elementary knowledge). Lymphatic system.


Excretion :- Excretion in animals (Amoeba and earth worm), excretion in Human, Osmoregulation.


Control and co-ordination :- Coordination, Plants and animals. Nervous system and hormones in Human. Reflex action.

8 Marks

17 Periods


Reproduction, growth, Heridity and evolution

Reproduction and growth :- Types of Reproduction Asexual : Fission budding, regeneration vegetative propagation in plants, cutting, grafting and layering, Pathenogenesis. Sexual reproduction and it significance

Reproductive parts of plants, pollination and fertilization. Human reproductive system, Mental and physical change during human development.


Heredity and Evolution :-

Heredity and Variations, Physical basis of Heredity - chromosomes; D.N.A. (elementary knowledge), Genes, Sex determination. Elementary knowledge of evolution.


5 Marks

12 Periods


Metals and Non- metals

Metals and non-metals :- Ores and minerals, metallurgy, Enrichment of ores, extraction of metal from ores, refinement and purification of metal with reference to Iron and Aluminum, Activity series of metals, general properties and corrosion of metals, Alloys, Components, properties and uses of steel; stainless steel, Brass, Magnesium. Alloys of gold.


Non-metals :- Importance and general. Properties, method of preparation of hydrogen, properties and its uses. Manufacturing of ammonia (Only reactions). its properties and uses, sulphur - occurrence, extraction, properties (allot-ropy and effect of heat) and uses. Properties and used of Sulphur dioxide. Manufacture of sulphuric acid (Only reactions), it properties and uses.

9 Marks

17 Periods


Carbon Compounds

Functional groups (only oxygen containing) Alcohols - preparation, properties and uses, preparation methods, properties and uses of formaldehyde, Acetone and Acetic acid. Some common synthetic polymers, soaps and detergents.

8 Marks

17 Periods


Environment and environmental problems Classification of medicinal plants

Environment and Environmental Problems :- Causes, prevention and control of environmental problems, Land, water, Air, noise pollution and accumulation of waste materials. Biodegradable and Non biodegradable materials, Interaction, between biotic and non biotic component of ecosystem. Ecological balance, efforts and measures for conservation of environment.


Process of water management and conservation :- Rain water harvesting Ground water recharging, conservation of forests; Land management and conservation Public awareness for environmental protection, Green House effect, Global warming, ozone layer depletion, Acid rain.


Morhological study of medicinal plants. Their classification on the basis of their use and life span. Study of botanical names and medicinal use of the following plants.


Seasonal plants Malkangni, Ashwaganda, Ginger, Turmeric, Garlic, Fenugreek, Touch-me- not, Soya, Shatawar, Sarpgandha, Isabgol, Dioscorea, Mustard, Cumin, Fennel, Ajwayin, Marua, Tulsi, Vacha, Adusa, Giloy, Harjor, Bryophytum, Bhui Aonla, Castor.


Trees and pernnial plants Harad, Baheda, Aonla, Nirgundi, Babool, Oak, Neem, Sheesham, Catechu, Karanj, Sweet Neem, Molshree, Kachnar, Peepal, Harshinagar, Amaltash, Pomegranate, Sandal, Nuxvom, Paras peepal, Arjuna, Eucalyptus, Bel, Apamargh, Bhringraj, Kaner.

8 Marks

15 Periods


The Universe - Broad


Solar system and exploring space - Exploring space - Solar System, plants, asteroids, comets and meteors; Earth origin, evolution and structure stars, Constellations, milky way, galaxy, structure of universe and its theories.


Brief history of space explorations :- Elementary ideas about space crafts. Different types of artificial satellites and their orbits. Uses of artificial satellites in Communication, weather forecasting, remote sensing and space exploration.

5 Marks

10 Periods





20 Periods




1. Preparation of C02 in the laboratory and study its properties.

2. To Study the reaction of metals with dilute acids.
3. To Compare the foaming capacity of different samples of soaps / detergents.
4. To Study two physical and two chemical properties of acetic acid.
5. To Prepare a model of Solar Cooker (Project).
6. To make a model of wind mill and demonstrate the production of wind energy.
7. To identify Bleaching Powder in the given samples of Chemicals
8. To make a temporary mount, slide of Stomata.
9. To Study the reaction of bases with.
(1). Litmus Paper. (2). Metals. (3). Hydrochloric Acid.

10. To Verify reflection of light using plane mirror.
11. To determine the focal length of concave mirror by one pin method.
12. To trace the path of a ray of light passing through a rectangular glass slab and draw the refracted ray and emergent ray.
13. To determine the focal length of convex lens by two pin method.
14. To draw the incident ray refracted ray and emergent ray for a ray of light incident on a glass prism.

15. To show magnetic lines of forces with the help of a bar magnet.
16. To verify Ohms Law in the laboratory.
17. To find out the resultant resisters of two resistors connected in.
(I). Series and (II). Parallel.
18. To Show that CO2 is Produced during respiration.
19. To Show endosmoses in raisins (Kismis).
20. To prove that oxygen is released as a by-product of Photosynthesis.
21. To find the rate of heart beat per minute / "Pulse Rate" by the student.
22. To Observe the different components of blood with the help of microscope.
23. To Study the different parts of a flower.'
24. To Study the structure of living organism in the given samples.
25. To Construct through diagrams new model of food chains.

26. To Complete the missing links in the given mineral cycles.
(a) Study of Nitrogen Cycle in nature.
(b). Study of Water Cycle in nature.
(c). Study of Carbon Cycle in nature.


1. To Prepare a model of artificial Geo-satellite or rocket launching Station.
2. To measure the variation in temperature each day in a month , tabulate it and study the effect of temperature on the weather. (Maximum and Minimum)

3. To tabulate the daily diet and calories obtained from it and compare it with the balanced diet.
4. Systematic collection of cuttings and news from Old magazines and news papers, related to pollution of water, forest, soil and air.

According to this Scheme it is compulsory to perform one practical. Marks distribution will be as follows.

1. Practical Exercise (Any One)-12 Marks
2. Viva-Voce- 3 Marks
3. Practical Record-5 Marks
4. Project (Work done during the session )-5 Marks

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