Madhya Pradesh Board Geography Syllabus for Class 12


Madhya Pradesh Board Syllabus for Class 12 Geography

Geography syllabus for class XII of 2008-09 session

Time: 3 hours
Maximum Marks: 100

 

 

Part- A

 

Marks

Periods

 

Fundamentals of Human Geography

 

 

 

1

Human Geography - Nature and scope.

Nature and scope.

3

6

2

People

(i) Population of the world - distribution, density and growth.

(ii) Population Change : Special patterns and structure, determinants of population change.

 

(iii) Age - sex ratio, rural - urban composition.

 

(iv) Human development - concept, selected indicators, international comparison’s, Vocational structure.

5

10

3

Human Settlement

(i) Settlements types- rural and urban, morphology of cities (case study), distribution of mega cities, problems of human settlements developing countries and their solutions.

4

8

4

Human Activities

(i) Primary Activities: Concept and changing trends. Gathering, Pastoral, Mining,Subsistence Agriculture, modern agriculture, peoples engaged in agriculture and allied activities - some examples from selected countries.

(ii) Secondary Activities: Concept, Classification, Manufacturing Industries based on forests, ago-processing, mining, cattle. Types of Industries - Cottage, small scale and large scale, Industrial Pollution: Problems and their Solution.

(iii) Tertiary Activities: Concept, trade, transport, and communication, services, people engaged in tertiary activities - some examples from selected countries.

(iv) Quaternary Activities: Concept, knowledge based activities, Micro electronic computer and telecommunication Activities, people engaged in quaternary activities some examples from selected countries.

10

20

5

Transport, Communication And Trade

(i) Land Transport: Roads, Railways,Intercontinental Railways.

(ii) Water transport: Inland waterways, Major Ocean Routes, Major Ports.


(iii) Air Transport: Inter-Continental Air routs and Shrinking World.

(iv) Oil and Gas Pipelines. Importance, major pipelines

(v) Means of Communication: All the means of print, tele, settellete and cyber communication.

(vi) International trade - Basis and changing patterns of world trade, ports as gateways of international trade, role of WTO in international trade.

10

20

 

Part- B

 

 

 

 

India - People and Economy

 

 

 

6

People

(i) Population : distribution, density, growth and its causes, measures to control growth, composition of population, linguistic and religious, rural and Urban age and sex structure, tribes, regional variations,

(ii) Migration : International, national.


(iii) Human Development in India: Selected indicators and regional patterns

(iv) Effect of population growth on environment and development,

5

10

7

Human Settlement

(i) Rural Settlements: types, distribution patterns

(ii) Urban Settlements: types, distribution patterns, classification based on occupations, tendencies of urbanization.

(iii) Unity in diversity in India.

4

8

8

Resources And Development.

(i) Land resources - General land use, agricultural land use - major crops, Agricultural development and problems, soils, forests, fish and cattle as resources.

(ii) Water Resource: Availability and utility, irrigation, domestic, industrial and other uses, scarcity of water and conservation methods, rain water harvesting and water shed management (one case study selected with participatory water shed management to be introduced).

(iii) Minerals and Energy Resources: Metallic and non metallic minerals, their distribution, utilization and conservations.

conventional and non - conventional energy sources.

(iv) Industries: Types and distribution, industrial location and clustering, changing pattern of selected industries, Iron and steel, sugar, petro -chemicals and knowledge based industries, achievement of industrial development, problems and their solutions; impact of liberalization, privatization and globalization on industrial location and industrial policy.

(v) Planning in India - Target area planning (case study) Idea of sustainable development (case study).

20

40

9

Transport, Communication and International trade

(i) Transport and Communication - roads, railways, water ways and air ways; Oil and gas pipelines, national electric grid, communication networking radio, television, satellite and internet.

(ii) International trade - Changing patterns of Indian foreign trade, seaports and their hinter lands and airports. important export of India. Importance of means of communication in economic development of India.

10

20

10

Geographical perspective on selected issues and

problems.

(One case study to be introduced for each topic)

(i) Environmental pollution, Urban - waste disposal.

(ii) Urbanization - rural urban migration, problem of slums.

(iii) Land degradation.

4

8

 

Part-C

 

 

 

 

Practical Work

 

 

 

11

Processing of data and thematic mapping

(i) Sources of data.

(ii) Tabulating and processing of data. calculation of averages, measures of central tendency. deviation and rank correlation.

(iii) Representation of data- construction of diagrams, bars, circles and flowchart, Use of computers in data processing and mapping.

8

16

12

Field study of spatial information technology

Field visit and study, map orientation, observation and preparations. of sketch, survey on any one of the local concerns, pollution. ground water changes, land use and land use change, poverty, energy issues, soil degradation, drought and flood impacts (any one topic of local concern may be taken up for the study, observation and questionnaire survey may be adapted for the data collection, collected data may be tabulated and analyzed with diagrams and maps.

7

14

 

* Practical : Record

 

5

 

 

* Viva - Voice

 

5

 

 

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