# Madhya Pradesh Board Elements of Science & Maths for Agriculture Syllabus for Class 12

## Madhya Pradesh Board Syllabus for Class 12 Elements of Science & Maths for Agriculture

Elements of Science and Maths useful for Agriculture syllabus for class XII of 2008-09 session

Time: 3 hours
Maximum Marks: 75 Marks

 Unit Title Content Marks Periods Section - A AGRICULTURAL PHYSICS 1 Light Definition, properties, umbra and penumbra, Eclipse, Pin hole camera, Photographic camera, Human Eye and its defects, measures to rectify defects of eyes. Lense- Types and uses, simple and compound microscope, Telescope, Refraction of light through prism, Rainbow, spectrum of light. Utilitiy of optical instruments in Agriculture. 3 10 2 Magnetism Magnetism :- Definition and Types of magnet, properties, Coulomb's inverse square law, unit pole, pole strength, magnetic field, intensity of magnetic field, uniform magnetic field, magnetic moment, tangent- law and its conditions, magnetic lines of force and their properties, neutral point.Utility of Magnetism in the field of Agriculture. 3 9 3 Heat Heat :- Specific heat-definition, units, thermal capacity, calorimeter its construction, working and uses. Latent - heat :-Meaning, Definition, Determination and calculation of latent heat of of ice and steam and their calculations. Newton's law of cooling and its limilations Examples related to agriculture. 3 10 4 Electricity Electricity :- Electric charge, types of charge and its units, Coulomb's inverse square law, electric field, electric lines of force and intensity of electric field, electric potential , its units, equipotential surface. Current electricity - Definitions effect, resistance, Ohms law and its uses. Household Electric - Appliances : Bell, Press, heater, fans, household electric fitting, function of fuse wire, heating effect of current electricity, magnetic effect, Role of electric Appliances in field of agriculture. 4 10 5 Agrometeorology Agrometeorology :- Elements of weather - Study of rains, Temperature, Humidity, wind velocity, sunshine, etc. Weather forecasting, Study of climatic change and its effect on crop production. Meteorological Apparatus- Rain gauge, Hygrometer Windvane, Anemometer, Condensation- Dew, Fog, Hail storm, Mist and Frost. 5 7 Section - B AGRICULTURAL CHEMISTRY 2 7 6 Organic Chemistry Organic Chemistry :- Introduction organic compounds and their significance, classification, Nomenclature and its utility. Formula its calculation and elucidation - Empirical, Molecular and structural formula. 4 8 7 Hydrocarbons Hydrocarbons :- Definition, classification, saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons, ethane, methane, Ethylene and acetylene their brief introduction, physical properties, chemical properties and their uses.   Gobar Gas :- Composition, manufacture, utility as light, fuel in working of agricultural equipments Gobar Gas plant - structure, working and maintenance 4 8 8 Fermentation and Alcohol Fermentation and Alcohol :- Process of fermentation and its application in agriculture. Manufacture of Ethyl alcohol and its utility, General awareness about different types of alcohols. Preparation of urea, properties and uses. 4 10 9 Oil, Fat and Soaps Oil, Fat and soaps :- Definition, properties, chemical composition, types of each of these, utility, manufacture of soap and vanaspati ghee. Paints, preparation, properties and uses. 5 12 10 Elementary Biochemistry Elementary Biochemistry :- Its importance, classification, significance and properties of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, vitamins and enzymes. 5 12 Section - C AGRICULTURAL BIOLOGY 11 Plant Physiology Plant Physiology :- Definition and significance - diffusion and Osmosis, Evaporation, transpiration - definition types, factors affecting its, Related Experiments & significance, Guttation, Photosynthesis - Definition, mechanism, factors affecting it, related experiments and significance. Respiration :- Definition, types, Process & significance, factors affecting it and related experiments. Growth :- Definition, types, factors affecting it, measurement,significance, plant hormones and their uses and significance. 5 12 12 Study of families Study of families :- Solanaceae, Malvaceae Crucifereae & Gramineae. 5 10 13 Microbiology Microbiology :- Introduction to microbes - Fungi, Algae, Bacteria, virus, Nematodes, Actinomycetes and protozoa, Role of microorganisms in agriculture for example in decomposition of organic matter, respiration, fermentation etc. 3 10 14 Genetics and Plant Breeding Genetics and Plant Breeding :- Genetics - History, definition Mendel's experiment and his Laws of Inheritance and their significance. Plant Breeding - Definition, objective, Importance, Methods Introduction, Selection, Hybridization, Mutation, Polyploidy. Tissue culture and genetic engineering - Its meaning, utility and significance. Development of transgenic crops. 4 10 15 Agricultural Insects Agricultural Insects :- Beneficial Insects - Honey bee, lac insect, Silkworm, Earthworm - study of their life cycle, Physiology (digestive system and reproductive systems) and economic importance. Brief information about friendly insects. Harmful Insects - Termite, Cockroach, and Grasshopper - study of their life-cycle, physiology (digestive and reproductive systems) and economic importance. 2 8 Section 'D' AGRICULTURAL MATHEMATICS 16 Mensuration Mensuration :- (i) Area of Triangle, quadrilateral, circle and surface areas and volumes of cube and prism. (ii) Vedic Maths :- Application of Vedic Maths methods for solving questions based on mensuration. 3 7 17 Trigonometry Trigonometry :- Trigonometrical function of angles of any size and sign and simple problems based on these. Trigonomerical ratios of sum and difference of two angles and simple calculation based on these. 3 7 18 Agricultural Statistics - I Agricultural Statistics I :- Definition, importance, types of data (primary and secondary), classification and tabulation of data, diagramatic representation of data- Bar diagram, Pie diagram etc.and their application in agril. 4 7 19 Agricultural Statistics - II Agricultural Statistics II :- Mean, Mode and Median - Definition, merits and demerits. Importance and question based on agricultural. 4 8 20 Agricultural Statistics - III Agricultural Statistics III :- Dispersion - Definition, Mean Deviation and Standard Deviation - Merits and Demerits and simple calculations based on agricultural. 5 10

Practical Syllabus :-

Time: 3 hours

Maximum Marks : 25

Section-A (AGRICULTURAL PHYSICS)

1. Verification of laws of reflation.

2. To obtain the image in Pin hole camera.
3. To verify that light travels in a straight line.
4. To obtain spectrum of sunlight using prism.
5. To draw lines of force of a given magnet and to locate neutral points.
6. To determine the rain fall with help of Rain gauge.
7. Verification of Ohm's law.
8. Study of different forms of Condensation.

Section-B (AGRICULTURAL CHEMISTRY)

1. Single titration - Strong Acid + Strong base with the use of Indicator Methyl orange and Phenolphthalein.

2. Salt Analysis and Identification of Acidic and Basic radicals – Acid Radicals Nitrate (NO3 -) Ammonium (SO4-), Carbonate ( CO3 - ), Chloride(Cl-), Bromide (Br -), and Iodide (I -), Basic Radicals :- animonrium (NH 4 +), Lead (Pb++), Mercury (Hg++), Silver (Ag+), Calcium (Ca ++)

Section-C (AGRICULTURAL BIOLOGY)

1. Demonstration of various experiments related to transpiration, osmosis, Respiration and photosynthesis.
2. Description of Families :- Solanaceae, Malvaceae, Gramineae and Cruciferae
3. Identification of various microorganisms in the laboratory (through slides)
4. Study of Internal organs of cockroach and earth worm by dissecting them.
5. Study of life cycles of - Honey bee, silkworm, lac insect and termite.

DISTRIBUTION OF MARKS FOR PRACTICALS

 1 Agril Physics experiment 4 Marks 2 Titration 2 Marks 3 Salt Analysis 4 Marks 4 Description of Families 5 Marks 5 Demonstration of Internal Organs of insects or Life cycle study 4 Marks 6 Viva 3 Marks 7 Practical Record 3 Marks

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