Madhya Pradesh Board Crop Production Syllabus for Class 11


Madhya Pradesh Board Syllabus for Class 11 Crop Production

Crop Production & Horticulture syllabus for class XI of 2008-09 session

Time: 3 hours
Maximum Marks: 75

 

Unit

Title

Contents

Marks

Periods

Unit-1

Introduction to Agriculture

History, (Ancient Indian Agriculture & Modern Agriculture )definition of Agriculture, types of agriculture, significance of agriculture in national economy, commercialization of agriculture, need for commercialization of agriculture, scope for commercialization of agriculture. Torget and achievements in food grain production in India & its future projections

2

8

Unit-2

Types and System of Farming

Major types of farming, ordinary farming, specialized farming, dry farming, mixed farming, irrigated farming, Ranch farming- Their properties, merits and demerits, Organic farming, meaning, significance and usefulness.

 

Main systems of agriculture - Individual farming, collective farming, cooperative farming, state farming and capitalistic farming.

4

1

Unit-3

Classification of crops and crop rotation

Classification of crops based on season, life rotation, usefulness and agronomy. Crop rotation, definition; its fundamentals and importance. Factors affecting crop cycle Useful crop - rotation being adopted in M.P

4

10

Unit-4

Mixed Cropping

Its need, significance and principles. Multiple cropping - inter-cropping - Its need and importance.

4

8

Unit-5

Soil

Definition, Its formation & composition, Classification and properties of soils in M.P

3

8

Unit-6

Physical properties of soil

Soil structure, Soil Texture, soil porosity, relative density (R.D.) Soil cohesion and adhesion, soil color, soil water, pH value of soil and soil fertility.

2

8

Unit-7

Acidic and alkaline soils

Definition, Causes, effect of acidity and salinity on soil and plants, classification of alkaline soil (saline, saline - alkaline, alkaline), different methods to reclaim acidic and alkaline soils.

5

8

Unit-8

Soil erosion & soil conservation

(i) definition of soil erosion, types of soil erosion, major factors responsible for soil erosion and their impact.

 

(ii)Soil conservation - definition, significance and major measures of soil conservation.

4

10

Unit-9

Tillage

Definition, types, objectives and its significance, Modern concepts of tillage (zero tillage, minimum tillage, etc.).

3

8

Unit-10

Tillage and other implements

Desi plough, different types of mould board plough, harrow and its types, cultivator and its types, Dora, Bukhar and Leveller, Seed Drill, Reaper, Winnower, Thrasher, Combine.

Harvester, Potato seed planter and sugarcane planter. maintenance of spray equipments.

5

10

Unit-11

Irrigation

Definition, purpose, sources; methods along with merits and demerits, efficiency of irrigation, Measurement of irrigation water, 90 ° V Notch and Weirs.

Water Requirements - Meaning, types and factors affecting it. Water requirements of major crops. Duty of water- its meaning, types and factors affecting it.

4

10

Unit-12

Water Lifting Devices

Classification, Principles and working systems of diesel and electric operated pumps, major types of pumps, wind mill and other non - conventional energy based devices. Water- shed management (Its meaning and applications in agriculture)

3

10

Unit-13

Cultivation of Crops I

Botanical name, family, origin, importance, distribution, climate, soil, soil preparation, improved varieties, sowing time, seed rate and seed treatment, method of sowing, irrigation, intercultural operations, harvesting, yield, insects/pests and diseases of Sorghum, Maize, Pearl millet, Cotton, Groundnut.

4

8

Unit-14

Cultivation of Crops II

Wheat, Linseed, Mustard and Berseem

5

8

Unit-15

Introduction to Horticulture

Definition, importance and scope, Branches of Horticulture, Importance of horticulture in Indian economy.

Names of fruit zones in M.P, Basic needs & activities in establishing a orchard.

5

6

Unit-16

Kitchen Gardening

Meaning objectives, merits and demerits,


Establishment - site selection, fencing land development, layout.

3

10

Unit-17

Cultivation of Vegetable crops.I

Brinjal, Chilli, Onion, Cauliflower,Cabbage, Knolkhol.

4

10

Unit-18

Cultivation of Vegetable crops II

Bottle gourd, Bitter gourd, Pumpkin and Radish, Carrot, Coriander, Spinach & Fenugreak.

3

8

Unit-18

Cultivation of flowering plants

Rose, Marigold, Chrysanthemum, Gaillardia; Gladiolus, Gerbera and Dehlia.

5

12

Unit-20

Agricultural Institutions

Information of Different Educational, Research and Training Institutions.

3

10

 

 

Practical Syllabus :-

 

1

Preparation of seed beds for various crops based on curriculum.

18 Periods

2

Preparation of income-expenditure statements for different

crops covered in the curriculum.

10 Periods

3

Practical use/demonstration of various methods of irrigation.

6 Periods

4

Identification and use of various tillage importance.

14 Periods

5

Finding out the acidity and alkalinity of soils through litmus paper & pH meter.

10 Periods

6

Practical demonstration of pruning and methods of irrigation in various fruit crops.

5 Periods

7

Identification of seeds of various crops, ornamental plants and vegetables.

7 Periods

8

Preparing project report.

10 Periods

 

 

Marks Distribution for Exam :-

1. Examination of Acidity and Alkalinity of soils.-2 Marks

2. Preparation of income-expenditure statement.(Any one)- 5 Marks
3. Preparation of seed bed.-3 Marks
4. Demonstration of methods of irrigation.-2 Marks
5. Spotting.- 5 Marks
6. Viva-Voce - 3 Marks
7. Practical Record & Project.- 5 Marks

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