Madhya Pradesh Board Chemistry Syllabus for Class 11

Madhya Pradesh Board Syllabus for Class 11 Chemistry

Chemistry syllabus for class XI of 2008-09 session

Time: 3 hours
Maximum Marks: 100 ( Theory-75 Marks, Practical-25 Marks






Suggested Periods


History of chemistry and some basic concepts

History of chemistry : General introduction History of Chemistry in light of Indian Scenario, importance and scope of chemistry, Historical approach to particulate nature of matter (ancient concept).

Some basic concepts : laws of chemical combination, Dalton's atomic theory; concept
of elements, atoms and molecules.

Atomic and molecular masses, Mole concept and molar mass; percentage composition, empirical and molecular formula; chemical reactions, stoichiometry and calculations based on it.




Atomic structure

Discovery of electron, Proton and Neutron; atomic number, isotopes and isobars. Thompson's model and its limitations, Rutherford's model and its limitations, hydrogen spectrum, Bohr's model and its limitations, modern concept of atomic structure, concept of shells and subshells, dual nature of matter and light, de Broglie's relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, concept of orbitals, quantum numbers, shapes of s, p and d orbitals, rules for filling electrons in orbitals - Aufbau principle, Pauli's exclusion principle and Hund's rule, electronic configuration of atoms, stability of half filled and completely filled orbitals.




Classification of elements and periodicity in their properties

Significance of classification, brief history of the development of periodic table, modern periodic law and the present form of periodic table, periodic trends in properties of elements - atomic radii, ionic radii, inert gas radii, ionisation enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electronegativity, valency




Chemical bonding and molecular structure

Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond and co-ordinate bond, bond parameters, Lewis structure, polar character of covalent bond, covalent character of ionic bond, Born-Haber cycle, valence bond theory, resonance, geometry of covalent molecules, VSEPR theory, concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules, molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules (qualitative idea only). Hydrogen bond




States of Matter

Three states of matter, Intermolecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and boiling points, Role of gas laws in elucidating the concept of the molecule, Boyle's law, Charle's law, Gay Lussac's law, Avogadro's law, Ideal behavior of gases, Avogadro's number, kinetic theory of gases, Ideal gas equation, Deviation from ideal behavior, liquefaction of gases, critical temperature.

Liquid State - Vapor pressure, viscosity and surface tension (qualitative idea only, no mathematical derivations)




Thermodynamics & chemical energetics

Reversible and irreversible processes, concept of system, types of systems,surrounding, work, heat, energy, extensive and intensive properties, state functions.

First law of thermodynamics - internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and specific heat, measurement of ∆ U and ∆ H, Hess's law of constant heat summation, enthalpy of : bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, ionization and dilution.

Introduction of entropy as a state function, free energy change for spontaneous and non-spontaneous processes.




Chemical Equilibrium

I - Equilibrium processes and phase equilibrium


II - Ionic equilibrium in solutions

I - Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes, Dynamic nature of equilibrium, Law of mass action, equilibrium constant, kP and kC, factors affecting equilibrium - Le Chatelier's principle;


II - Ionic equilibrium - ionization of acids and bases, strong and weak electrolytes, degree of ionization, concept of pH, hydrolysis of salts (elementary idea), buffer solutions, solubility product, common ion effect (with illustrative examples).




I - Oxidation - Reduction Reactions

II - Principles of metallurgical operations

I - Oxidation - Reduction Reactions Concept of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, balancing redox reactions, applications of redox reactions.


II - Principles of metallurgical operations Modes of occurrence, concentration of ores, chemical principles underlying extraction and Refining.





Position of hydrogen in periodic table, occurrence. isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen; hydrides - ionic, covalent and interstitial; physical and chemical properties of water, heavy water; hydrogen peroxide preparation, reactions and structure; representing strength, or concentration hydrogen as a fuel.




S-Block Elements (Group I and II elements)

General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationship, trends in the variation of properties (such as ionization enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii), trends in chemical reactivity with oxygen, water, hydrogen and halogens; reaction with ammonia, uses. Preparation and properties of some important compounds:

Sodium carbonate, sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogen carbonate, (Sodium bi carbonate) biological importance of sodium and potassium. CaO, CaCO3 and industrial use of lime, limestone and plaster of paris, biological importance of Mg and Ca.




Some p Block elements I (Elements of Group 13)

General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous properties of first element of the group; Boron - physical and chemical properties, some important compounds; borax, boric acid, boron hydrides, Aluminium; reactions with acids and alkalies, uses, Alum




Some p Block elements II (Elements of Group 14)

General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous behavior of first element, Carbon - catenation, allotropic forms, physical and chemical properties; uses of some important compounds: oxides.

Important compounds of silicon and a few uses, silicon tetrachloride, silicones, silicates and zeolites.




Organic chemistry - some basic principles

General introduction, methods of purification, qualitative and quantitative analysis. Tetra valency of carbon, classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds. structural isomerism. Electronic displacements in a covalent bond: Inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyper conjugation. Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond: free radicals, carbocations, carbanions electrophiles and nucleophiles, types of organic reactions.




Hydrocarbons 5 16

15. Environmental Ch

Classification of hydrocarbons

Alkanes - Nomenclature, isomerism, conformations (In reference to ethane). physical properties, chemical reactions including free radicals, mechanism of halogenation, combustion and pyrolysis. Alkenes - Nomenclature, structure of double bond (ethene), geometrical isomerism, physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: addition of hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides ( Markovnikov's addition rule and peroxide effect), ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition.

Alkynes - Nomenclature, structure of triple bond (ethyne), physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: acidic character of alkynes, addition reaction of hydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides and water. Aromatic hydrocarbons - Introduction, IUPAC nomenclature: Benzene: resonance, aromaticity: chemical properties: mechanism of electrophilic substitution - nitration, sulphonation, halogenation, Friedel Craft's alkylation and acylation; directive influence of functional group in mono- substituted benzene; carcinogenicity and toxicity.




Environmental Chemistry

Environmental pollution - air, water and soil pollution, chemical reactions in atmosphere, smog, major atmospheric pollutants; acid rain, ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of ozone layer, greenhouse effect and global warming- pollution due to industrial wastes; green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution, strategy for control of environmental pollution.

Importance of medicinal plants in pollution control and its medicinal use.





Classification - Natural and synthetic, methods of polymerisation (addition and condensation), copolymerization, some important polymers (Natural and synthetic) like polythene, nylon, polyester, bakelite, rubber & its vulcanisation, PVC, Teflon.










Practical Syllabus :-

Maximum Marks: 25

Total Periods :120



Micro- chemical methods are available for several of the practical experiments. Wherever possible such techniques should be used.

Basic Laboratory Techniques :-

1. Cutting glass tube and glass rod

2. Bending a glass tube

3. Drawing out a glass jet

4. Boring a cork

4 Periods


Characterization and purification of chemical substance

1. Determination of melting points of organic compounds

2. Determination of boiling point of organic compound

3. Crystallization involving impure sample of any one of the following: Alum, copper sulphate, Benzoic acid.

12 Periods


Experiments related to pH change

a. Any one of the following experiments:

Determination of pH of some solutions obtained from fruit juices, solutions of known and varied concentrations of acids, bases and salts using pH paper or universal indicator.

Comparing the pH of solutions of strong and weak acids of same concentration.

Study the pH change in the titration of a strong acid with a strong base using indicator.


b. Study of pH change by common-ion effect in case of weak acids and weak bases.

12 Periods


Chemical equilibrium

One of the following experiments:

a. Study the shift in equilibrium between ferric ions and thiocyanate ions by increasing/ decreasing the concentration of either ions.


b. Study the shift in equilibrium between [ Co(H2O)6]3+ and chloride ions by changing the concentration of either of the ions.

8 Periods





Quantitative estimation

Using a chemical balance

Preparation of standard solution of oxalic acid

Determination of strength of a given solution of sodium hydroxide by tit rating it against standard solution of oxalic acid

Preparation of standard solution of sodium carbonate

Determination of strength of a given solution of hydrochloric acid by tit rating it against standard sodium carbonate solution.

32 Periods


Qualitative analysis

Determination of one anion and one cation in a given salt Acid radicals -

Anions CO3 2-, S2-, SO3 2- , SO4 2-, NO2 -, NO3-, Cl-, Br-, I-, PO4 3-,

C2O4 2-, CH3 COO -,


Basic radicals -

Cations Pb 2+, Cu2+, As 3+, AI 3+, Fe 3+, Zn 2+, Mn2+, Ni 2+, Co 2+, Ca2+, Sr 2+, Ba 2+, Mg 2+, NH4+


(Note : Insoluble salts to be excluded)

32 Periods


Detection of any one of the following elements. With preparation of sodium extract must be taught to the student:-

elements - N, S, Cl, Br, I

4 Periods


Determining strength of given unknown solution by tit-rating neutralization reaction between H2 SO4 /HCl against NaOH / Na2 CO 3 using phenolphthalein as an indicator and KMnO4 as an intermediate solutions OR oxalic acid and ferrous ammonium sulphate where KMnO4 is an intermediate solution as well as self indicator.

5 Periods




Scientific investigations involving laboratory testing and collecting
information from other sources.

A Few suggested Projects

Checking the bacterial contamination in drinking water by testing sulphide ions.

Study of the methods of purification of water.

Testing the hardness, presence of iron, fluoride, chloride ions etc. Depending upon the regional variation in drinking water and the study of causes of presence of these ions above permissible limit (if any)

Investigation of the foaming capacity of different washing soaps and the effect of addition of sodium carbonate on them.

Study of the acidity/basicity of different samples of the tea leaves.

Determination of the rate of evaporation of different liquids.

Study of the effect of acids and bases on the tensile strength of fibers.

Analysis of fruit and vegetable juices for their acidity/basicity

Prepare a table of at least ten medicinal plants showing the uses of various parts useful for curing diseases.

Note: Any other investigatory project, which involves about 10 periods of work, can be chosen with the approval of the teacher.

Examination (Practical) Scheme :-



Volumetric analysis - Acid - base double titration with the help of H2SO4 /HCl solution against NaOH/ Na2 CO3 solution.

5 Marks


Qualitative analysis - Analysis of Inorganic salt containing one acidic and one basic radical.

Acidic Radicals – CO3 2-, S2-, SO3 2- , SO4 2-, NO2 -, NO3-, Cl-, Br-, I-, CH3COO- , C2O4 2- , PO4 3-


Basic Radicals - Pb 2+, Cu2+, As 3+, AI 3+, Fe 3+, Zn 2+, Mn2+, Ni 2+, Co 2+, Ca2+, Sr 2+, Ba 2+, Mg 2+, NH4+

6 Marks


Element detection in an organic compound (any one) N , S , Cl , Br , I

4 Marks


Project work - To write four or five projects based on every day life, after doing these projects in laboratory, they are to be recorded in practical note book.

4 Marks


Practical Record

3 Marks


Viva voce

3 Marks


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