Madhya Pradesh Board Biology Syllabus for Class 11


Madhya Pradesh Board Syllabus for Class 11 Biology

Biology syllabus for class XI of 2008-09 session

Time: 3 hours
Maximum Marks: 100 ( Theory-75 Marks, Practical-25 Marks)

 

Unit

Topics

Contents

Marks

Suggested Periods

Unit-1

The living world and environment.

* Biology and its branches; Relationship with other branches of science, scientific method in biology. Historical aspect of Biology. Basic Indian concept scope of Biology, its importance and future. Role of Biology in desbelling myths and social misbelief. Characters of living beings (Metabolism, Transfer of energy at molecular level, Open and close system. Homeostasis, Growth, Reproduction, Adaptation, Survival and preliminary knowledge of death.)

 

* Relationship of Biology with environment : Indian concept of environment, Wild life and forest conservation. Effect of environment on organisms- Pollution, sources of pollution and its effect on environment (Air, Water, Soil), Role of Human in keeping the Environment clean. (Environment management, Conservation of nature).

 

* Origin of life and its evolution- Various theories of Origin of life. Indian theories. Oparin Haldane theory, Miller's experiment, elementary knowledge of nature, Theories of Evolution Evidences, Darwin's theory and its modern concept.

10

30

Unit-2

Diversity of Life

* Various kinds of organisms, necessity of classification, History and kinds of classification:-Natural, Artificial, and Phylogenetic systems, Biosystematics, Binomial nomenclature, Two and Five kingdom of classification, Their merits and demerits. Structure of Virus, and Bacteria (Monera), its place and significance in living world. General characterstics of Protista, and Fungi, Study of Botanical gardens, Herbaria and Bilogical museum.

 

* Morphology and life cycle of Spirogyra, Mucor, Funaria, Selaginella, and Pinus (Elementary knowledge).

 

* Study of various plant groups - Classification of Angiosperm up to class level with examples.(Bantham and Hooker's system of classification)

 

*Animal kingdom - General characteristics of Animal, Non chordates up to phylum level and Chordates up to class level.

15

30

Unit-3

Cell and Cell division

* Cell as a unit of life: Discovery, Cell theory, Structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell. Unicellular and multi cellular Organism. Ultra structure of cell (plant and animal). Knowledge of tools and techniques to study organisms (Compound microscope, Electron microscope) Compartmentalization, cell wall, cell membrane, UNIT MEMBRANE Unit membrane concept(Fluid mosaic model), Membrane transport, Biological function of membrane, Cellular movement. (Exocytosis and Endocytosis).

 

* Cell Organelles-Structure and functions : Nucleus, Mitochondria, Plastids, Endoplasmicreticulum, Golgi Body, Ribosomes, Lysosome, Microtubules, Centriole, Vacuole, Cytoskeleton, Cilia, Flagella and other cell Inclusions.

 

* Cellular molecule- Inorganic and organic molecules as a bio-moleade Water, Salt, Mineral. Carbohydrate, Lipids, Amino acid, Protein, Nucleic acid, Nucleotides, (DNA & RNA). Enzyme- Properties, chemical nature and mechanism, Factors affecting the mechanism. Significance of Vitamins, Hormones & Steroids as Bio-molecules.

 

* Cell Division:- Definition, types, various stages and significance of Amitosis, Mitosis and Meiosis. Karyotype analysis.

15

30

Unit-4

Genetics

* Continuity of life:- Heredity & Variations, Mendel's laws of Inheritance- chromosomal basis of inheritance, other patterns of Inheritance. Incomplete dominance, Multiple dominance Quantitative inheritance.

 

* Structure and function of Bacterial Chromosome. Eukaryotic chromosome- Structure and function. Parallelism between gene and chromosome. Genome, Linkage, Crossing over, Gene mapping, Recombination, Sex chromosome, Somatic chromosome, Sex determination, Sex linkage. Mutation and chromosomal aberration.

 

* Human genetics:- Methods of study, DNA as a genetic material- Its structure and DNA replication, duplication structure of RNA and its role in protein synthesis. Gene expression, Transcription and Translation in prokaryotic and eukaryoticc cell. Gene regulation- Expression and repression, House keeping gene, Nuclear basis of differentiation and development, Genetic disorder and Genetic engineering, Cancer gene (oncogene), Cloning, Gene bank, DNA finger printing, Genomics, Principles and application Transgenic micro-organism, plants and animals.

15

30

Unit-5

Multicellularity Plant and Animal Life

* Plant morphology :- Root, Stem and Leaf-structure, function and modifications.

Flower and Inflorescences- Structure, function and Types. Fruit and Seed : Types & Dispersal, Seed germination - Types & Necessary conditions. Description of the following familes- Gramineae, Liliaceae, Fabaceae, Cruciferae, Solanaceae, Leguminosae & compositae. Description of a following plant in botanical terminology with symbolic knowledge of floral formula and floral diagram. Plant Tissues: Structure, Kinds, Location and functions of various types of tissues. Internal structure (Anatomy) of Monocot and DicotRoot, Stem and Leaf, including secondary growth in Root and Stem.

 

* Morphology of Animals : External morphology of Earthworm, Cockroach and Rat. Animals Tissues- Structure, Location, Kinds and functions of various types of Animal tissues.

20

40

 

Revision

 

 

20

 

Practical Syllabus:-

 

Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 25

 

Unit-1

Core Experiment

1. Study and uses of various parts of compound microscope with diagrams

 

2. Difference between living and non living on the basis of various characteristics.

 

3. Biological study of Various types of Surroundings

17 Marks

Unit-2

Investigatory Exp

4. Study of the following plant Specimens / Models/ Slides with their identification points:-

Bacteria, Oscillatoria, Spirogyra, Mucor, Mushroom, Yeast, Liverwort, Moss, Selaginella, Pinus, Lichenes and Any one plant of Monocot & dicot.

5. Study of the following Animals Specimen/Models/Slides with their identification points:- Amoeba, Hydra, Sponge, Liver fluke, Asearis, Leech, Earthworm, Prawn, Silk moth, Honey bee, Snail, Star fish, Dog fish, Rohu, Frog, Wall- Lizard, Pigeon or any other Bird, Rat or any other Mammal.

2 Marks

Unit-3

Record

6. Study the slide of root tip showing various stages of Mitosis.

 

7. Study the slides of Anther (flower bud) showing various stage of Meiosis.

 

8. Study of the cell movement : Preparation of slide of Hydrilla leaf and Paramecium.

 

9. Prepare a temporary slide of onion membrane and study the plant cell.

 

10. Prepare the slide of Epithelial cells from human cheek and study the animal cell.

 

11. Study of cell wall components-Cellulose, Lignin, Subarin and Mucilage

2 Marks

Unit-4

Sessional

12. Study of the Mendelian Traits by Seeds/Plants.

 

13. Prepare a pedigree chart of human blood group.

2 Marks

Unit-5

Viva Voce

14. Study of the various types of Root modifications.

 

15. Study of the various types of Stem modifications.

 

16. Study of the various types of Leaf modifications.

 

17. Identification and description of various types of Inflorescence

 

18. Description of flower in Botanical terminology with floral diagram, floral formula and

Identification points of the following families-

 

Pea (Leguminosae, Sun Flower (Compositae)

Mustard (Brassicaceae).

Shoe flower ( Fabaceae).

Any Other flower of the same families can be taken for study.

 

19. Study of the temporary /permanent slides of the following Animal tissues- Squamous Epithelium,

Muscular tissue, Nervous tissue study of blood from Temporary or Permanent slide.

 

20. Study of the Morphology of the museum specimen or chart of the following animals-

Earthworm, Cockroach, Frog and Rat.

2 Marks

 

List of Projects:-

1. Study of one experiment showing scientific method.

2. Study any two of the diseases caused by pollution on plants and Human beings.

3. Medicinal and Economic importance of Plants.

4. Study of the harmful and useful Arthropods.

5. Collection of various types of Roots, Stem, Leaf, Flower, and Inflorescence,

(collect ten specimen under each head and write their characteristics on prepared her-barium sheets.)

Note:- Project No. 5 is compulsory and any one of the project from rest of four

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