Himachal Pradesh Board Psychology Syllabus for Class 12

Himachal Pradesh Board Syllabus for Class 12 Psychology

Psychology and Self & Psychology and Society

Unit I : Variations in Psychological Attributes (07 Marks) (20 Periods)

  • The unit aims at studying how people differ with respect to their various psychological attributes.

  • Individual differences in human functioning Assessment of psychological attributes; Intelligence: Individual difference in intelligence: Theories of Intelligence: Culture and Intelligence: Emotional intelligence: Special abilities: Aptitude-nature and measurement; Creativity

Unit II : Self and Personality (08 Marks) (24 Periods)

  • The unit focuses on the study of self and personality in the context of different approaches in an effort to appraise the person. The assessment of personality will also be discussed.

  • Concepts of self, concept, self-esteem, self-efficacy, and self- regulation; Culture and self; Personality concept; Major approaches-Type and Trait, Psychodynamic, Humanistic, Behavioural, Cultural; Assessment of personality: Self-report measures, behavioural analysis, and projective measures.

Unit III : Meeting Life Challenges (06 Marks) (14 Periods)

  • This unit deals with the nature of stress and how responses to stress depend on an individual’s appraisal of stressors. Strategies to cope with stress will also be dealt with.

  • Nature, types and sources of stress; Effects on psychological functioning and health; Coping and stress; Promoting positive health and well-being.

Unit IV : Psychological Disorders (07 Marks) (24 Periods)

  • This unit discusses the concepts of normality and abnormality and the major psychological disorders.

  • Concepts of abnormality and Psychological disorder, Factors, underlying abnormal behaviour, Classification of disorder, Major psychological disorders - Anxiety, Somato-form Dissociative, Mood, Schizophrenic, Developmental and Behavioural Substance Related.

Unit V : Therapeutic Approaches (06 Marks) (20 Periods)

  • The unit discuses the goals, techniques and effectiveness of different approaches to treat psychological disorders.

  • Nature and process of therapy; Therapeutic relationship; Types of therapies: Psycho-dynamic, Humanistic, Cognitive, Behaviour and Bio-medical; Alternative therapies - Yoga, Meditation; Rehabilitation of mentally ill.

Unit VI : Attitude and Social Cognition (07 Marks) (20 Periods)

  • This unit focuses on formation and change of attitudes, cultural influences on attributional tendencies and conditions influencing pro- social behaviour.

  • Explaining social behaviour: Impression formation and explaining behaviour of others through attributions; Social cognition; Schemas and stereotypes; Nature and components of attitudes; Attitude formation and change; Behaviour in the presence of others; Pro- social Behaviour; Prejudice and discrimination; Strategies for handling prejudice.

Unit VII : Social Influence and Group Processes 06 Marks (22 Periods)

  • The unit deals with the concept of group, its functions and the dynamics of social influence on conformity, obedience and compliance. Different conflict resolution strategies will also be discussed.

  • Conformity, Obedience, and Compliance; Cooperation and Competition; Groups : Nature, formation and Types; Influence of group on individual behaviour, Inter-Group Conflicts; Conflict resolution strategies.

Unit VIII: Psychology and Life (07 Marks) (18 Periods)

  • The unit focuses on the application of psychological understanding to some important social issues.

  • Human-environment relationship; Environmental effects on human behaviour: Noise, pollution, crowding, natural disasters, Psychology and social concerns: Aggression, Violence and Peace,

    Discrimination and Poverty, health, impact of television on behaviour Promoting pro-environmental behaviour.

Unit IX: Developing Psychological Skills (06 Marks) (18 Periods)

  • The unit deals with some effective Psychological and interpersonal skills for facilitating personal-social development.

  • Effective psychological skills: Observational skills, Interviewing skills, Testing skills Counseling skills, Communication skills.

Practicals Psychological testing (Profile) (25 Marks) (60 Periods)

The students shall be required to prepare one case profile and conduct five practicals related to the topics covered in the course. The case profile will include developmental history of the subject, using both qualitative (observation, interview, rating scale etc.) and quantitative (Psychological testing) approaches. Practicals would involve using standardised psychological assessment devices in different domains (intelligence, personality, aptitude, adjustment, attitude, self-concept, and anxiety).

Marks Distribution:

(i) Reporting file including case profile : 04 Marks

(ii) Viva Voce : 05 Marks

(iii) Two practicals 8 marks each 4 for accurate conduct and 4 for reporting


Books Recommended:

Psychology -Published by N.C.E.R.T., NEW DELHI.


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