Himachal Pradesh Board Political Science Syllabus for Class 11

Himachal Pradesh Board Syllabus for Class 11 Political Science

Part A : Indian Constitution at Work

1. Making of the constitution: (8 Periods)
Why do we need a constitution ? What does a constitution do ? Who made our constitution ? How did the country's partition affect the working of the Constituent Assembly ? What were the sources of the constitution ?

2. Fundamental Rights: (10 Periods)
Why do we need bill of rights in a constitution ? What are the fundamental rights provided by the constitution ? Why was the right to property removed from fundamental rights ? How have the interpretations by the courts influenced fundamental rights ? How has provision of fundamental rights provided the basis for civil liberties movement in India ? What are the fundamental duties ?

3. System of representational democracy: (12 Periods)
What are the different methods of representations ? How do these methods affect parties and politics ? Why was the first past the post system chosen in India ? What have been the effects of this system ? Why is there a system of reserved seats ? What are the provisions to ensure free and fair elections ? What does the Election Commission do ?

4. Executive in a parliamentary system : (15 Periods)
Why was the parliamentary system chosen over other forms of government ? Why does the parliamentary system need a constitutional head ? How are the prime minister and the chief ministers elected ? What are the powers of the President of India ? What are the powers of the Prime Minister or the Chief Minister and the council of ministers ? What are the powers of the governor ?

5. Legislature at the central and state level : (15 Periods)
Why does the parliament of India have two Houses ? How are the Parliament and the state assemblies constituted ? What are the powers of the Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha ? How are the laws passed ? How is the executive made accountable ? What are the constitutional means to prevent defection ?

6. Judiciary :(12 Periods)
What is Rule of law ? Why do we need an independent judiciary ? What are the provisions that ensure the independence of judiciary in India ? How are judges appointed ? What are the powers of the Supreme and the High courts ? How do they use their jurisdiction for public interest.

7. Federalism : (8 Periods)
What is federalism ? How does federalism ensure accommodation of diversities ? In which ways is the Indian constitution federal ? In which ways does the constitution strengthen the centre ? Why are there special provisions for some states and areas ?

8. Local Government (8 Periods)
Why do we need decentralization of power ? What has been the status of local government in the constitution ? What are the basic features of rural and urban local governments ? What has been the effect of giving constitutional status to local governments ?

9. Political Philosophy underlying the constitution : (8 Periods)
What are the core provisions of the constitution ? What is the vision underlying these core provisions ? How is this vision shaped by modern Indian political thought ?

10. Constitution as a living document: (8 Periods)
How has the constitution changed since its inception ? Why further changes are being debated ? How has the working of democracy affected the constitution ?

Part-B: Political Theory

11. Introduction to Political Theory: (10 Periods)
What is politics ? Do we find politics in seemingly non- political domains ? Can political arguments be resolved through reasoning? Why do we need political theory ?

12. Freedom: (12 Periods)
What is freedom ? What are reasonable constraints on individual liberty ? How are the limits defined ?

13. Equality (12 Periods)
Do all differences involve inequality ? Does equality imply sameness ? What are the major forms of inequality ? How can equality be realized ?

14. Social Justice: (12 Periods)
Is justice all about fairness ? What is the relationship between justice and equality ? What are the different forms of injustice ? In which ways can justice be secured ?

15. Rights: (12 Periods)
How is a right different from any claim ? What are the major kinds of right claims ? How do we resolve a conflict between individual and community rights ? How does the state enable and obstruct rights ?

16. Citizenship: (12 Periods)
Who is a citizen ? What are relevant grounds for inclusion and exclusion ? How are new claims to citizenship negotiated ? Can we have a global citizenship.

17. Nationalism (10 Periods)
How are the boundaries of a nation defined ? Must every nation have a state ? What demands can a nation make on its citizens ? What is the basis of the right to self determination ?

18. Secularism (10 Periods)
What is secularism ? Which domains of life does it relate to ? What is a secular state ? Why do we need secular state in modern times ? Is secularism suitable for India ?

19. Peace (8 Periods)
What is peace ? Does peace always require non-violence ? Under what conditions is war justified ? Can armament promote global peace ?

20. Development (8 Periods)
What is development ? Is there a universally accepted model of development ? How to balance the claims of present generation with claims of future generations ?

Prescribed Books:

1. Indian Constitution at Work NCERT Publication
2. Bharat Ka Samvidhan NCERT Publication (Sidhant Aur Vyavhar)

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