Himachal Pradesh Board History Syllabus for Class 12


Himachal Pradesh Board Syllabus for Class 12 History

Themes in Indian History

 

 

THEMES

OBJECTIVES

1. The Story of the First Cities: Harappan Archeology.

 

Broad overview: Early urban centers.

 

Story of discovery: Harappan civilization

 

Excerpt: Archaeological report on a major site.

 

Discussion: how it has been utilized by archaeologists/

  • Familiarize the learner with early urban centers as economic and social institutions.

  • Introduce the ways in which new data can lead to a revision of existing notions of history.

  • Illustrate how archaeological reports are analyzed and interpreted by scholars.

2. Political and Economic History: How Inscriptions tell a story.

 

Broad overview: Political and economic history from the Mauryan to the Gupta period.

 

Story of discovery: Inscriptions and the

decipherment of the script. Shifts in the under standing of political and economic history.

 

Excerpt : Asokan inscription and Gupta period land grant.

 

Discussion: Interpretation of inscriptions by historians.

  • Familiarize the learner with major trends in the political and economic history of the subcontinent.

  • Introduce in inscription analysis and the ways in which these have shaped the understanding of political and economic processes.

3. Social Histories: Using the Mahabharata Broad Overview: Issues in social history, including caste, class kinship and gender.

 

Story of discovery: Transmission and publications of the Mahabharata.

 

Excerpt: from the Mahabharata, illustrating how it has been used by historians.

 

Discussion: Other sources for reconstructing social history.

  • Familiarize the learner with issues in social history. Introduce strategies of textual analysis and their use in reconstructing social history.

 

4. A History of Buddhism: Sanchi Stupa

 

Broad overview:

(a) A brief review of religious histories of Vedic religion, Jainism, Vaisnavism, Saivism.

(b) Focus on Buddhism.

 

Story of discovery: Sanchi stupa

 

Excerpt: Reproduction of sculptures from Sanchi.

 

Discussion: Ways in which sculpture has been interpreted by historians, other sources for reconstructing the history of Buddhism

 

  • Discuss the major religious developments in early India.

     

  • Introduce strategies of visual analysis and their use in reconstructing histories of

    religion.

5. Agrarian Relations: The Ain-i-Akbari

 

Broad overview:

(a) Structure of agrarian relations in the 16th and 17th centuries

(b) Patterns of change over the period.

 

Story of discovery : Account of the compilation and translation of Ain-i-Akbari

 

Excerpt: From the Ain-i-Akbari

 

Discussion: Ways in which historians have used the text to reconstruct history.

  • Discuss developments in agrarian relations.

     

  • Discuss how to supplement official documents with other sources.

6. The Mughal Court: Re-constructing Histories through Chronicles

 

Broad overview :

(a) Outline of political history 15th -17th centuries.

(b) Discussion of the Mughal court and politics.

 

Story of discovery: Account of the production of court chronicles and their subsequent, translation

and transmission.

 

Excerpts: From the Akbarnama and Padshahnama.

 

Discussion: Ways in which historians have used the texts to reconstruct political histories.

  • Familiarize the learner with the major landmarks in political history.

 

  • Show how chronicles and other sources are used to reconstruct the histories of political institutions.

7. New Architecture : Hampi

 

Broad overview :

(a) Outline of new buildings during Vijayanagar period- temples, forts, irrigation facilities.

(b) Relationship between architecture and the political system.

 

Story of discovery: Account of how Hampi was found.

 

Excerpt: Visuals of buildings at Hampi.

 

Discussion: Ways in which historians have analyzed and interpreted these structures.

  • Familiarize the learner with the new buildings that were built during the time.

 

  • Discuss the ways in which architecture can be analyzed to reconstruct history.

8. Religious Histories: The Bhakti- Sufi tradition

 

Broad overview:

(a) Outline of religious development during this

period.

(b) Ideas and practices of the Bhakti-Sufi saints.

Story of Transmission : How Bhakti-Sufi compositions have been preserved.

 

Excerpt: Extracts from selected Bhakti Sufi works.

 

Discussion: Ways in which these

have been interpreted by historians.

  • Familiarize the learner with religious developments.

  • Discuss ways of analyzing devotional

    literature as sources of history.

9. Medieval Society Through Travellers’Accounts

 

Broad overview : Outline of social and cultural life as they appear in travellers’ accounts.

 

Story of their writings: A discussion of where they travelled, why they travelled, what they wrote, and for whom they wrote.

 

Excepts: from Alberuni, Ibn Batuta, Bernier.

 

Discussion: What these travel accounts can tell us and how they have been interpreted by historians.

 

  • Familiarize the learner with the salient features of social histories described by the travellers.

     

  • Discuss how travellers’ accounts can be used as sources of social history.

10. Colonialism and-Rural Society : Evidence from official Reports.

 

Broad overview:

(a) Life of zamindars, peasants and artisans

in the later 18 century

(b) East India Company, revenue settlements and

surveys.

(c) Changes over the nineteenth century.

 

Story of official records: An account of why official investigations into rural societies were

under taken and the types of records and reports produced.

 

Excerpt: From Firminger's Fifth Report, Accounts of Frances Buchanan-Hamilton, and Deccan Riots Report.

 

Discussion: What the official records tell and do not tell, and how they have been used by historians.

  • Discuss how colonialism affected Zamindars, peasants and artisans.

  • Understand the problems and limits of using official sources for understanding the lives of people

11. Representations of 1857

 

Broad overview:

(a) The events of 1857-58.

(b) How these events were recorded and narrated.

 

Focus: Lucknow.

 

Excerpts: Pictures of 1857. Extracts from contemporary accounts.

 

Discussion: How the pictures of

1857 shaped British opinion of what

had happened.

  • Discuss how the events of 1857 are being reinterpreted.

     

  • Discuss how visual material can be used by historians.

12. Colonialism and Indian Towns: Town Plans and Municipal Reports.

 

Broad overview : The growth of Mumbai, Chennai, hill stations and cantonments in the 18th and 19th century.

 

Excerpts: Photographs and paintings. Plans of cities. Extract from town plan reports. Focus on Kolkata town planning.

 

Discussion: How the above sources can be used to reconstruct the history of towns. What these

sources do not reveal

 

  • Familiarize the learner with the history of modern urban centers.

  • Discuss how urban histories can be written by drawing on different types of sources.

13. Mahatma Gandhi Through contemporary Eyes

Board Overview :

(a) The nationalist movement 1918-48,

(b) The nature of Gandhian politics and leadership

 

Focus: Mahatma Gandhi in 1931.

 

Excerpts: Reports from English and Indian language newspapers and other contemporary writings.

 

Discussion: How newspapers can be a source of history.

  • Familiarize the learner with significant elements of the nationalist movement and the nature of Gandhian leadership.

  • Discuss how Gandhi was perceived by different groups.

  • Discuss how historians need to read and interpret newspapers diaries and letters as historical source.

14. Partition through oral sources

 

Board Overview:

(a) The history of the 1940s;

(b) Nationalism. Communalism and Partition.

 

Focus: Punjab and Bengal

 

Excerpts: Oral testimonies of those who experienced partition.

 

Discussion: Ways in which these have been analyzed to reconstruct the history of the event.

  • Discuss the last decade of the national movement, the growth of communalism and the story of Partition.

  • Understand the events through the experience of those who lived through these years of communal violence.

  • Show the possibilities and limits of oral sources.

15. The Making of the Constitution

 

Board Overview:

(a) Independence and the new nation

state

(b) The making of the constitution.

 

Focus: The Constitutional Assembly debates.

 

Excerpts: From the debates.

 

Discussion: What such debates reveal and how they can be analyzed.

  • Familiarize students with the history of the early years after independence.

  • Discuss how the founding ideals of the new nation state were debated and formulated.

  • Understand how such debates and discussions can be read by historians.

 

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