Gujarat Board Class 10 Science Sample Papers 2005
Gujarat Board Sample Papers 2005 for Class 10 Science
Time allowed: (2+1/2) Hours Maximum marks : 60
(i) The question paper comprises of two sections, A and B. You are to attempt both the sections.
(ii) All questions are compulsory.
(iii) There is no overall choice. However, internal choice has been provided in all the three questions of five marks category. Only one option in such questions is to be attempted.
(iv) All questions of Section A and all questions of Section B are to he attempted separately.
(v) Questions number 1 to 6 in Section A and 17 to 19 in Section B are short answer type questions. These questions carry one mark each.
(vi) Questions number 7 to 10 in Section A and 20 to 24 in Section B are short answer type questions and carry two marks each.
(vii) Questions number 11 to 14 in Section A and 25 and 26 in Section B are also short answer type questions and carry three marks each.
(viii) Questions number 15 and 16 in Section A and question number 27 in Section B are long answer type questions and carry five marks each.
SECTION - A
1. In electrolysis of water, why is the volume of gas collected over one electrode double that of gas collected over the other electrode ? 1
2. What effect does an increase in concentration of H+ (aq.) in a solution have on the pH of solution ? 1
3. What happens when a small piece of sodium is dropped into ethanol ? 1
4. Draw a schematic diagram of an electric circuit consisting of a battery of two cells each of 1.5 V, 5 Ω, 10 Ω and 15 Ω resistors and a plug key, all connected in series. 1
5. When is the force experienced by a current-carrying conductor placed in a magnetic field the largest ? 1
6. State the rule which gives the direction of magnetic field associated with a current-carrying conductor. 1
7. (i) Name the products formed when sodium hydrogen carbonate is heated.
(ii) Write the chemical equation for the reaction involved in the above. 2
8. (i) What is observed when a solution of potassium iodide is added to a solution of lead nitrate taken in a test tube ?
(ii) What type of reaction is this ?
(iii) Write a balanced chemical equation to represent the above reaction. 2
9. What is an electric circuit ? Distinguish between an open and a closed circuit. 2
10. Calculate the resistance of an electric bulb which allows a 10 A current when connected to a 220 V power source. 2
11. (a) What is meant by periodicity in properties of elements with reference to the periodic table ?
(b) Why do all the elements of the same group have similar properties ?
(c) How will the tendency to gain electrons change as we go from left to right across a period ? Why ? 3
12. (a) Distinguish between etherification and saponification reactions of organic compounds.
(b) With a labelled diagram describe an activity to show the formation of an ester. 3
13. For which position of the object does a convex lens form a virtual and erect image ? Explain with the help of a ray diagram. 3
14. (a) Define the term ‘volt’.
(b) State the relation between work, charge and potential difference for an electric circuit.
Calculate the potential difference between the two terminals of a battery if 100 joules of work is required to transfer 20 coulombs of charge from one terminal of the battery to the other. 3
15. (a) Distinguish between ionic and covalent compounds under the following properties :
(i) Strength of forces between constituent elements
(ii) Solubility of compounds in water
(iii) Electrical conduction in substances
(b) Explain how the following metals are obtained from- their compounds by the reduction process :
(i) Metal M which is in the middle of the reactivity series.
(ii) Metal N which is high up in the reactivity series.
Give one example of each type. 5
(a) Distinguish between ‘roasting’ and ‘calcinations’. Which of these two is used for sulphide ores and why ?
(b) Write a chemical equation to illustrate the use of aluminium for joining cracked railway lines. Name the anode, the cathode and the electrolyte used in the electrolytic refining of impure copper. 5
16. (a) What is myopia ? State the two causes of myopia. With the help of labelled ray diagrams show
(i) the eye defect myopia.
(ii) correction of myopia using a lens.
(b) Why is the normal eye unable to focus on an object placed within 10 cm from the eye ? 5
(a) What is dispersion of white light ? What is the cause of such dispersion ? Draw a diagram to show the dispersion of white light by a glass prism.
(b) A glass prism is able to produce a spectrum when white light passes through it but a glass slab does not produce any spectrum. Explain why it is so. 5
SECTION – B
17. Which compounds are responsible for the depletion of ozone layer ? 1
18. Why is DNA copying an essential part of the process of reproduction ? 1
19. Where does digestion of fat take place in our body ? 1
20. How is charcoal obtained from wood ? Why is charcoal considered a better fuel than wood ? 2
21. Describe how hydro-energy can be converted into electrical energy. Write any two limitations of hydro-energy. 2
22. What is ‘Chipko Movement’ ? Why should we conserve forests ? 2
23. Suggest any four changes that you would like to be incorporated in the life-style of students of your age to move towards a sustainable use of available resources. 2
24. Describe the role of the following in human beings 2
(i) Seminal vesicles
(ii) Prostate gland
25. What is ‘phototropism’? How does it occur in plants? Describe an activity to demonstrate phototropism. 3
26. Explain how the sex of the child is determined at the time of conception in human beings. 3
27. (a) Draw a sectional view of the human heart and label on it Aorta, Pulmonary arteries, Vena cava, Left ventricle.
(b) Why is double circulation of blood necessary in human beings ? 5
(a) Draw the structure of a nephron and label the following on it Glomerulus, Bowman's capsule, Renal artery, Collecting duct.
(b) What happens to glucose that enters the nephron along with filtrate ? 5
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