# Gujarat Board Class 12 Economics Sample Papers 2007

## Gujarat Board Sample Papers 2007 for Class 12 Economics

Class XII

Subject – Economics

Time allowed: 3 Hours                                Maximum Marks: 100

General Instructions:

(i) Answer all questions in both the sections are compulsory.

(ii) Marks for questions are indicated against each.

(iii) Question Nos. 1-5 and 17-21 are very short-answer questions carrying 1 mark each. They are required to be answered in one sentence each.

(iv) Question Nos. 6-10 and 22-26 are short-answer questions carrying 3 mark each. Answers to them should normally not exceed 60 words each.

(v) Question Nos. 11-13 and 27-29 are also short-answer questions carrying 4 mark each. Answers to them should normally not exceed 70 words each.

(vi) Question Nos. 14-16 and 30-32 are long-answer questions carrying 6 marks each. Answers to them should normally not exceed 100 words each.

(vii) Answers should be brief and to the point and the above word limits should be adhered to as for as possible.

SECTION – A

1. Give two example of Microeconomic studies.                           1

2. When is the demand of a commodity said to be inelastic?         1

3. Define fixed cost.                                                                       1

4. What causes a downward movement along a supply curve?        1

5. Define monopoly.                                                                        1

6. Why does an economic problem arise? Explain.                           3

OR

Explain the problem of ‘What to produce’.

7. Distinguish between a normal good and an inferior good. Give example in each case.                       3

8. How is the price elasticity of demand of a commodity affected by the number of its substitutes? Explain.           3

9. Explain the meaning of ‘increase in supply’ and ‘increase in quantity supplied’ with the help of a schedule.            3

10. Why is a firm under Perfect Competition a price-taker? Explain.                           3

11. Complete the following table:                                       4

Output (Units) Average Variable Cost (Rs.) Total Cost (Rs.) Marginal Cost (Rs.)
1 --------- 60 20
2 18 ---------- ----------
3 -------- ---------- 18
4 20 120 ---------
5 22 ----------- ---------
OR

Complete the following table:

Output (Units) Price (Rs.) Total Revenue (Rs.) Marginal Revenue (Rs.)
4 9 36 4
5 ------- -------- -------
6 ------- 42 -------
7 6 -------- -------
8 ------- 40 -------
12. Commodities X and Y have equal price elasticity of supply. The supply of X rises from 400 units to 500 units due to a 20 percent rise in its price. Calculate the percentage fall in supply of Y if its price falls by 8 percent.                4

13. From the following schedule find out the level of output at which the producer is in equilibrium. Give reasons for your answer.                                    4

Output (Units) Price (Rs.) Total Cost (Rs.)
1 24 26
2 24 50
3 24 72
4 24 92
5 24 115
6 24 139
7 24 165
14. Explain the case of a rightward shift in demand curve of a commodity of an individual consumer.

OR

Explain the condition of consumer’s equilibrium in case of (i) single commodity and (ii) two commodities. Use utility approach.                   6

15. Giving reasons, state whether the following statements are true or false:                    6

(i) When there are diminishing returns to a factor, total product always decreases.

(ii) Total product will increase only when marginal product increases.

(iii) When marginal revenue is zero, average revenue will be constant.

16. With the help of a diagram explain the effect of “decrease” in demand of a commodity on its equilibrium price and quantity.                                           6

For blind candidates only in lieu of Q. No. 16:

Define equilibrium price. How is it affected by a “decrease” in demand of a commodity?

SECTION - B

17. Why is repayment of loan a capital expenditure?                               1

18. What is meant by excess demand in macroeconomics?                      1

19. What can be the minimum value of investment multiplier?               1

20. Define bank rate.                                           1

21. Define involuntary unemployment.                1

22. Complete the following table:                         3

Income Saving Marginal Propensity to Consume Average Propensity to Save
0 -12 ------ ------
20 -6 ------ -----
40 0 ------ -----
60 6 ------ -----
23. State any three points of distinction between Central Bank and Commercial Banks.                      3

24. How can a government budget help in reducing inequalities of income? Explain.          3

25. Explain the circular flow of income.                    3

OR

Distinguish between intermediate products and final product products. Give examples.

26. List the items of the current account of balance of payments account. Also define ‘balance of trade’.            3

27. Explain the meaning and two merits of fixed foreign exchange rate.                  4

OR

Explain two source each of demand and supply of foreign exchange.

28. State the four functions of money. Explain any one of them.                           4

29. Distinguish between:                                     4

(i) Direct tax and indirect tax

(ii) Revenue deficit and fiscal deficit

30. How will you treat the following while estimating domestic factor income of India?

(i) Remittances from non-resident Indians to their families in India.

(ii) Rent paid by the embassy of Japan in India to a resident India.

(iii) Profits earned by branches of foreign bank in India.

31. Given consumption function C = 100+0.75 Y (where C = consumption expenditure and Y = national income) and investment expenditure Rs. 1000, calculate:                                   6

(i) Equilibrium level of national income.

(ii) Consumption expenditure at equilibrium level of national income.

OR

What changes will take place to bring an economy in equilibrium if

(i) planned savings are greater than planned investment and

(ii) planned savings are less than planned investment.

32. Calculate “gross national product at factor cost” from the following data by (i) income method, and (ii) expenditure method:                                          6

(Rs. in crores)
(i) Private final consumption expenditure 1,000
(ii) Net domestic capital formation 200
(iii) Profits 400
(iv) Compensation of employees 800
(v) Rent 250
(vi) Government final consumption expenditure 500
(vii) Consumption of fixed capital 60
(viii) Interest 150
(ix) Net current transfers from rest of the world (-) 80
(x) Net factor income from abroad (-) 10
(xi) Net export (-) 20
(xii) Net indirect taxes 80

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