Gujarat Board Geography Syllabus for Class 11


Gujarat Board Syllabus for Class 11 Geography

Part A: Fundamentals of Physical Geography                     (Periods 75)
Unit-1: Geography as a Discipline                                       (Periods 3)

-Geography as an integrating discipline, as a science of spatial attributes;

-Branches of geography; importance of physical geography.

Unit-2: The Earth                          (Periods 10)

-Origin and evolution of the earth; Interior of the earth;

-Wegener’s continental drift theory and plate tectonics;

-Earthquakes and volcanoes.

Unit-3: Landforms                              (Periods 18)

-Rocks: major types of rocks and their characteristics;

-Landforms and their evolution

-Geomorphic processes:weathering, mass wasting, erosion and deposition; soil-formation

Unit 4: Climate                                     (Periods 30)

-Atmosphere- composition and structure; elements of weather and climate.
Insolation-angle of incidence and distribution; heat budget of the earth-heating and cooling of atmosphere (conduction, convection, terrestrial radiation and advection); temperaturefactors controlling temperature; distribution of temperature-horizontal and vertical; inversion of temperature.

-Pressure-pressure belts; winds-planetary, seasonal and local; air masses and fronts; tropical and extratropical cyclones.

-Precipitation-evaporation; condensation-dew, frost, fog, mist and cloud; rainfall-types and world distribution.

-World climates-classification (Koeppen), greenhouse effect, global warming and climatic changes.

Unit 5: Water (Oceans)                         (Periods 8)

-Hydrological Cycle.

-Oceans - distribution of temperature and salinity; movements of ocean water-waves, tides and currents; submarine reliefs.

Unit 6: Life on the Earth                       (Periods 6)

-Biosphere - importance of plants and other organisms; biodiversity and conservation; ecosystem and ecological balance.

Unit 7: Map work on identification of features based on the above units on the outline political map of the world.

Part B. India - Physical Environment                   65 Periods

Unit 8: Introduction                                  (Periods 3)
-Location-space relations and India’s place in the world.

Unit 9: Physiography                                 (Periods 23)
-Structure and Relief;
-Drainage systems: concept of watershed; the Himalayan and the Peninsular;
-Physiographic divisions.

Unit 10: Climate, Vegetation and Soil              (23 Periods)
-Weather and climate — spatial and temporal distribution of temperature, pressure winds and rainfall, Indian monsoon: -mechanism, onset and withdrawal, variability of rainfalls :
spatial and temporal; Climatic types (koeppen) Natural vegetation-forest types and distribution; wild life; conservation; biosphere reserves;

Soils - major types (ICAR’s classification) and their distribution, soil degradation and conservation.

Unit 11: Natural Hazards and Disasters: Causes, Consequences and Management (One case study to be introduced for each topic) (Periods 16)

-Floods and droughts
-Earthquakes and Tsunami
-Cyclones
-Landslides

Unit 12: Map Work of features based on above units for locating and labelling on the Outline Political map of India.

C. Practical Work                                                    (40 Periods)

Unit 1: Fundamentals of Maps                                (12 Periods)

Maps -types; scales-types; construction of simple linear scale, measuring distance; finding direction and use of symbols.
Latitude, longitude and time.
Map projection- typology, construction and properties of projection : Conical with one standard parallel and Mercator’s projection.

Unit 2: Topographic and Weather Maps                   (28 Periods)

Study of topographic maps (1 : 50,000 or 1 : 25,000 Survey of India maps); contour cross section and identification of landforms-slopes, hills, valleys, waterfall, cliffs; distribution of settlements.
Aerial Photographs: Types & Geometry-vertical aerial photographs; difference between maps & aerial photographs; photo scale determination.
Satellite imageries, stages in remote sensing data-acquisition, platform & sensors and data products, (photographic & digital).
Identification of physical & cultural features from aerial photographs & satellite imageries.
Use of weather instruments: thermometer, wet and dry-bulb thermometer, barometer, wind vane, raingauge.
Use of weather charts: describing pressure, wind and rainfall distribution.

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