Gujarat Board Computer Science Syllabus for Class 11


Gujarat Board Syllabus for Class 11 Computer Science

Class XI 

Duration: 3 hours                                      Total Marks: 70

1. COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS                                                    10 Marks
2. PROGRAMMING METHODOLOGY                                               10 Marks
3. INTRODUCTION TO C++                                                             15 Marks
4. PROGRAMMING IN C++                                                              35 Marks

UNIT 1: COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS

-Evolution of computers; Basics of computer and its operation: Functional Components and their interconnections, concept of Booting.

-Software Concepts:
Types of Software - System Software, Utility Software and Application Software;
System Software: Operating System, Compiler, Interpreter and Assembler;

-Utility Software : Anti Virus, File Management tools, Compression tools and Disk Management tools (Disk Cleanup, Backup);
Application Software as a tool: Word Processor, Presentation tools, Spreadsheet Package, Database Management System; Business software (for example: School Management System, Inventory Management System, Payroll System, Financial Accounting, Hotel Management, and Reservation
System);

-Operating System : Need for operating system, Functions of Operating System (Processor Management, Memory Management, File Management and Device Management), Types of operating system – Interactive (GUI based), Time Sharing, Real Time and Distributed; Commonly used operating systems:

-LINUX, Windows, BhartiOO, Solaris, UNIX;
Illustration and practice of the following tasks using any one of the above Operating Systems:
• Opening / Closing Windows
• Creating / Moving / Deleting Files / Folders
• Renaming Files / Folders
• Switching between Tasks

-Number System : Binary, Octal, Decimal, Hexadecimal and conversion between two different number systems;
Internal Storage encoding of Characters: ASCII, ISCII (Indian scripts Standard Code for Information Interchange), and UNICODE (for multiligual computing);

-Microprocessor : Basic concepts, Clock speed (MHz, GHz), 16 bit, 32 bit, 64 bit processors; Types – CISC, RISC;
Memory Concepts :

Units : Byte, Kilo Byte, Mega Byte, Giga Byte, Tera Byte, Peta Byte
Primary Memory : Cache, RAM, ROM,
Secondary Memory : Hard Disk Drive, CD / DVD Drive, Pen Drive, Blue Ray Disk;
Input Output Ports / Connections: Serial, Parallel and Universal Serial Bus, PS-2 Port, Infrared port, Bluetooth.

UNIT 2: PROGRAMMING METHODOLOGY


-General Concepts; Modular approach; Clarity and Simplicity of Expressions, Use of proper Names for identifiers, Comments, Indentation; Documentation and Program Maintenance; Running and Debugging programs, Syntax Errors, Run-Time Errors, Logical Errors; Problem Solving Methodology and Techniques: Understanding of the problem, Identifying minimum number of inputs required for output, Step by step solution for the problem, breaking  down solution into simple steps, Identification of arithmetic and logical operations required for solution, Using Control Structure: Conditional control and looping (finite and infinite);

UNIT 3: INTRODUCTION TO C++

-Getting Started:
C++ character set, C++ Tokens (Identifiers, Keywords, Constants, Operators), Structure of a C++ Program (include files, main function); Header files – iostream.h, iomanip.h; cout, cin; Use of I/O operators (<< and >>), Use of endl and setw(), Cascading of I/O operators, Error Messages; Use of editor, basic commands of editor, compilation, linking and execution; standard input/output operations from C language: gets(), puts() of stdio.h header file;

-Data Types, Variables and Constants:
Concept of Data types; Built-in Data types: char, int, float and double; Constants: Integer Constants, Character Constants (Backslash character constants - n, t ), Floating Point Constants, String Constants; Access modifier: const; Variables of built-in data types, Declaration/Initialisation of variables, Assignment statement; Type modifier: signed, unsigned, long;

-Operators and Expressions:
Operators: Arithmetic operators (-,+,*,/,%), Unary operator (-), Increment and Decrement Operators (- -,++), Relational operators (>,>=,<,<=,= =,!=), Logical operators (!, &&, ||), Conditional operator:
<condition>?<if true>:<else>; Precedence of Operators; Expressions; Automatic type conversion in expressions, Type casting; C++ shorthand’s (+=, -=, *=, /=, %=);

UNIT 4: PROGRAMMING IN C++

-Flow of control:
Conditional statements: if-else, Nested if, switch..case..default, Nested switch..case, break statement (to be used in switch..case only); Loops: while, do - while , for and Nested loops;

-Character Functions:
Header File: ctype.h
Functions: isalnum(), isalpha(), isdigit(), islower(), isupper(), tolower(), toupper(),
String Functions:
Header File: string.h
Function: strcpy(), strcat(), strcmp(), strcmpi()
Mathematical Functions:
Header File-math.h, stdlib.h;
Functions: fabs(), log(), log10(), pow(), sqrt(), sin(), cos(), abs(),
Other Functions:
Header File- stdlib.h;
Functions: randomize(), random();
User Defined Functions:
Defining a function; function prototype, Invoking/calling a function, passing arguments to function, specifying argument data types, default argument, constant argument, call by value, call by reference, returning values from a function, calling functions with arrays, scope rules of functions and variables;
local and global variables;

-Structured Data Type: Array
Declaratrion/initialisation of One-dimensional array, Inputting array elements, Accessing array elements, Manipulation of Array elements (sum of elements, product of elements, average of elements, linear search, finding maximum/minimum value);
Declaration/Initialization of a String, string manipulations (counting vowels/consonants/digits/ special characters, case conversion, reversing a string, reversing each word of a string);

-Two-dimensional Array :
Declaration/initialisation of a two-dimensional array, inputting array elements, Accessing array elements, Manipulation of Array elements (sum of row element, column elements, diagonal elements, finding maximum/minimum values);

-User-defined Data Types

-Need for User defined data type:
Defining a symbol name using typedef keyword and defining a macro using #define directive;
Structures:

-Defining a Structure, Declaring structure variables, Accessing structure elements, Passing structure to Functions as value and reference argument/parameter, Function returning structure, Array of structures, passing an array of structure as an argument/ a parameter to a function.

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