CBSE Board Class 11 History Previous Year Question Papers 2008

CBSE Board Previous Year Question Papers 2008 for Class 11 History

Previous Paper – 2008
Class – XI
Subject – HISTORY
TIME-3HRS                                                                                MM-100

1. The Question Paper is divided into 5 Parts A, B, C, D and E.
2. Part A will have 5 questions of 2 marks each. There will be no choice.
3. Part B will be divided into 2 sections (books). Section 1 will have 6 questions out of which 5 will be attempted and section 2 will have 4 questions out of which 3 will be attempted.
4. Part C will have 2 questions of 8 marks each. They will have internal choice for each.
5. Part D will have 3 paragraphs of 8 marks each. They will have internal choice for each.
6. In part E internal choice will be provided in one of the two map questions.

PART A (10 Marks)

1. what was the Copernican revolution?     
2. Mention any two characteristic features of Ghenghies Khan.
3. How Deng Xioping brought the socialist market economy in china?
4. What were the crusades?                                                                                                                                                          5. 
5. Complete the following table

Attempt any TWO questions                   SECTION 1 (10 MARKS)
6. What was the script of Mesopotamia? What was its legacy and usage? .
7. Mention the cultural transformation of the roman world in its final centuries.
8.  How Roman Empire was different from Iranian empire. Mention the role of the three main players in the political history of Roman Empire.                                                                                                                                                                

  Answer any THREE questions                      SECTION 2 (15 MARKS)
9. Describe the hierarchical setup of feudalism
10 what were the causes of the decline of feudalism?
11 Mention the state systems of the Aztecs, Mayas and Peru
12 What were the main perspectives of Humanism?

Answer any THREE questions                                     Section 3(15 marks)
13 How new developments helped European navigators in the 15th century?
14 How the early decades of industrialization coincided with the spread of new political ideas?
15 Why Dr. Sun-Yet-Sen. is regarded as the founder of modern china?
16 What led to the rise of the communist party in china? How new democracy was established in 1949 in china?


17. What led to the rise of Islam in Arabia?                                           8
Mention the learning & cultural perspective of Islam in the central Islamic lands
18 What was the Meiji Restoration of Japan?                                        8
How Japan emerged as a global economic power after the Second World War
          19 Read the passage and answer the following
                                           THE HAZDA          
The Hazda are a small group of hunters, living in the vicinity of Lake Eyasi, a salt, rift –valley lake…The country of the eastern hazda, dry, rocky savanna, dominated by thorn scrub and acacia trees…. Is rich in wild foods.
    Elephants, rhinoceros, buffalo, zebra lion, leopard are all common. All of these animals except elephants are hunted and eaten by the hazda.
Sources of water are widely distributed over the country in the wet season but are few in the dry season. . Camps are normally sited within a KM of a watercourse.
The eastern hazda assert no rights over land and its resources. Any individual may live anywhere he likes and may hunt animals and draw water anywhere in Hazda country without any sort of restrictions…………….
1.Who were the Hazdas?                                                                    1
2.How did they feed themselves?                                                      2
3.Why Hazda did not assert their rights over land and resources?   2
4.Why did the size of location of camps keep changing from season to season?            3
                                      THE YASA

In 1221, after the conquest of Bukhara, Genghis Khan had assembled the rich Muslim residents at the festival ground and had admonished them. He called them sinners   and warned them to compensate for their sins by parting with their hidden wealth. The episode was dramatic enough to be painted and for a long time afterwards people still remembered the incident. In the late 16th century, Abdullah Khan, a distant descendant of jochi, Ghenghis eldest son, went to the same festival ground in Bukhara.Unlike Genghis Khan; Abdullah went to perform his holidays prayer there. His chronicler, Hafiz-I-Tanish, reported this performance of Muslim piety by his master and included the surprising comment; this was according to the yasa of Genghis khan.
What was the Yasa? What was the name given to this?                            2+2                                                                                       
Did the meaning of Yasa alter over the four centuries separating Genghis khan from Abdullah khan?                                                                             2
Why did Hafiz-I-Tanish make a reference to Genghis Khan’s Yasa in connection with Abdullah khan’s prayer at the Muslim festival ground        2                               

20- Read and answer the following
                                       THE   MACHIAVELLI’S PRINCE 
 Machavelli wrote about human nature in the 15th chapter in his book, the        prince
‘ So leaving aside imaginary things and referring only to those which truly exist, I say that whenever men are discussed they are noted for various qualities which earn them either praise or condemnation. Some are held to be generous and miserly benefactors others are called grasping some cruel, some compassionate, one man faithless another faithful, one fierce and another courageous, one courteous another proud, one lascivious another pure, one stubborn another flexible, one religious another skeptical and so forth;
Machavelli believed that all men are bad and every ready to display their vicious nature partly because of the fact that human desires are insatiable.
1 who was Machevelli?                                                                               1
2 what is the idea given by Machavelli with regard to men?                     4       
3 Mention the humanist theory given by mechavelli                                  3
                                     THE LUTHERIANISM
William Tyndale (1494-1536), an English Lutheran who translated the bible into English in 1506, defended Protestantism thus;
‘ In this they be all agreed, to drive you from the knowledge of the scriptures, and that they shall not hane the text thereof in the mother tongue, and to keep the world still in the darkness, to the intent they might sit in the consciences of the people, through vain superstition and false doctrine, to satisfy their proud ambition and insatiable covetousness’ and to exalt their own honourabove king and emperor, yea, and above god himself…………..which things only moved me to translate the New Testament. Because I had perceived by experience, how that it was impossible to establish the lay-people in any truth, except the scriptures were plainly laid before their eyes in their mother-tongue, that they might see the process, order and meaning of the text.
1 what was the campaign launched against the church?                                     2
2 what was the protestant reformation?                                                               2
3 what is the New Testament?                                                                             2
4 what is the idea given by William with regard to bible?                                  2

21    Read and answer the following
                     THE OPIUM TRADE
The demand for Chinese goods such as tea, silk porcelain created a serious balance-of-trade problem. Western goods did not find a market in china so payment had to be in silver. The East India Company found new option- opium, which grew in India. They sold the opium in china and gave the silver that they earned to company agents in canton in return for letters of credit. The company used the silver to buy tea, silk and porcelain to sell in Britain. This was the triangular trade between Britain, India and china.
1    what was the opium trade?                                                                 1
2    which company was dealing with opium and how?                         3
3 What was the triangular trade?                                                          2
4 What led to opium war?                                                                      2
                                      THE HARD TIMES
In his novel hard times, Charles dickens (1812-70) perhaps the most severe contemporary critics of the horrors of industrialization for the poor, wrote a fictional account of an industrial town he aptly called coke town.
It was a town of red brick, or of brick that would have been red if the smoke and ashes had allowed it; but as matters stood it was a town of red and black like painted face of a savage. It was a town of machinery and tall chimneys, out of which interminable serpents of smoke trail them forever and ever, and never got uncoiled (burn)
1 why Charles dickens is considered as the main critic of industrialization?       2                                    
2 how he has shown the horror of industrialization?                                             3
3 what were the condition of workers during industrialization?                            3

PART E  (10 marks)

21.On the Given Map of world,
     (a) Mark and name any five central Islamic lands.                                         5
     b) Mark- Baghdad, Bukhara, Tashkent, Persia, Moscow of Mongol empire
22.   Identify these five places on the world map                                              5