CBSE Board Class 12 Geography Sample Papers 2010
CBSE Board Sample Papers 2010 for Class 12 Geography
Class – XII
Time : Three Hours Maximum Marks : 80
General Instructions :
(i) There are 21 questions in all.
(ii) all question are compulsory.
(iii) Marks for each question are indicated against it.
(iv) Question numbers 1 and 2 are on filling outline maps of the world and India respectively. Each question contains 4 test-items of very short answers of 1 mark each.
(v) Question number 3 to 8, 19 and 20 are short answer question. Answer to these questions should not exceed 60 words each.
(vi) Question number 9 to 14 and 21 are also short answer question. Answer to these questions should not exceed 10 words.
(vii) Question numbers 15 to 18 are long answer questions of 5 marks each. Answer of each of these questions should not exceed 140 words.
(viii) Outline maps of the WORLD and INDIA provided to you must be attached with your answer books.
(ix) Use of templates or stencils for drawing outline maps in illustrating your answer is allowed.
(x) Answers of question number 19 to 21 should be given from any ONE of the OPTIONAL MODULES.
Q.1 On the outline map of the world provided mark and label each of the following correctly. 4
i. Andes range;
ii. River Nile;
iii. Plateau of Tibet;
Q2. On the outline map of the India provided mark and label each of the following correctly. 4
i. Aravali Range
ii. A leading cotton-textile center in Gujarat
iii. The oldest atomic power station in India
iv. A newly developed major port in Tamil Nadu
Q3. Name six factor which influence the climate of a place . 3
Q4. Name three major parallel ranges of the Himalayas and state the height of each. 3
Q5. Why is earth considered a unique planet? Give three reasons in support of your answer. 3
Q6. Compare and contrast the latitudinal location and natural vegetation of the Tundra region with those of the Hot Desert region. 3
Q7. How does land use change with time? Give three examples. 3
Q8. Explain three important physical factors responsibly for uneven distribution of population in India. 3
Q9. What are ocean currents? Name three factors which influence the ocean currents. 4
Q10. Describe briefly the important characteristics of the equatorial Lowlands region with reference to its location, climate, natural vegetation and animal life. 4
(a) Location :- Between 50 N and 50 S latitudes/Amazon Basin in S. America/Zaire basin in Africa/Malaysia and Indonesia in Asia.
(b) Climate :- Hot and Humid throughout the year/Annual range of temperature very low/Heavy annual rainfall/Daily rainfall, convectional in nature.
(c) Natural Dense evergreen forests/Tall trees with canopy of foliage/climbing Vegetation :- plants like lianas and creepers/numerous parasitic plants/ground covered with decayed vegetation/Dense undergrowth.
(d) Animal life :- Monkeys and other animals living on tree tops/Alligators/Turtles/other animals live-in in water bodies/Large variety of birds/insects.
Q11. Name four types of soils found in Penninsular India. State four characteristics of the soil which is of volcanic origin. 4
Q12. Point out two differences between estuary and delta. 4
Q13. Explain with two supporting facts how each of the following factors influences the climate of India : 4
(a) Location and latitudinal extent;
(b) Northern mountains;
(c) Distance from the sea;
(d) Wind direction
Q14. Give two reasons for each of the following : 4
i. The hilly and mountainous terrain provide unfavourabel conditions for laying railway line.
ii. Road transport is flexible, reliable and quick.
Q15. Name the four types of mountains based on their mode of formation, and also describe briefly any three economic benefits of mountains. 5
Q16. Describe briefly five major characteristic of traditional Agriculture in India. 5
Q17. Distinguish between land breeze and sea breeze. Give five distinctive features of each. 5
Q18. Study the table given below carefully and answer the following question : 5
Annual Birth rates, Death rates and Natural growth rates
Decade Birth Rate Per Thousand (00/00) Death Rate Per Thousand (00/00) Natural Growth Per Thousand (00/00) Natural Growth Per Thousand (%)
1901-11 49.2 42.6 6.6 0.6
1911-21 48.1 47.2 0.9 0.09
1921-31 46.4 36.3 10.1 1.01
1931-41 45.2 31.2 14.0 1.4
1941-51 39.9 27.4 12.5 1.25
1951-61 41.7 22.8 18.9 1.89
1961-71 41.2 19.0 22.2 2.22
1971-81 37.2 15.0 22.2 2.22
1981-91 32.7 11.7 21.0 2.1
1995 28.3 9.0 19.0 1.9
i. In which decade was the death rate at its highest?
ii. What was its impact on the natural growth rate of population?
iii. Compare the trends in birth rate and death rate between 1921 and 1995, and find out by how many points each of the two have fall respectively.
iv. What conclusion do you draw from these two figures about relative pace with which each one of them has been falling?
v. Of the two-birth rate-death rate – which one needs to be brought down more speedily than the other to stabilize our population in near future.
(Attempt the Questions from any one module)
TEACHING OF GEOGRAPHY AT PRIMARY LEVEL
Q19. Explain how days, months and years are caused by three different natural cyclic phenomena.
Q20. Critically examine how : “The march from the crude barter system to the modern international trade is nothing bout story of transport, communication and money of currencies.”
Q21 State how geography as a subject has been perceived over years in four different ways.
GEOGRAPHY OF TOURISM IN INDIA
Q.19 Suggest three reason explaining tourism as a cluster of industries instead of any single industry.
Q.20 A rapid development of large scale mass tourism brings us the much needed foreign exchange. Analyse with the help of three need to change it into a slow or area selective tourism.
Q.21 What are the four major steps proposed for further and better development of tourism in Himachal Pradesh?
FIELD WORK IN GEOGRAPHY
Q.19. For which one reason the test of a hypothesis about a problem is necessary and for which two reason a pre-tested hypothesis may need to be changed?
Q.20 Analyse giving three examples, how a random sampling may have to be changed into a stratified random sampling in a different situation?
Q.21 State four major basis for classification of field date giving one example in each case.
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