CBSE Board Class 12 Geography Previous Year Question Papers 2010
CBSE Board Previous Year Question Papers 2010 for Class 12 Geography
Time allowed : 3 hours Maximum Marks : 70
General Instructions :
(i) There are 19 general questions.
(ii) All questions are compulsory.
(iii) Marks for each question are indicated against it.
(iv) Question numbers 1 to 10 are short answer questions carrying 3 marks each.
Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 80 words.
(v) Question numbers 11 to 15 are also short answer questions carrying 4 marks each.
Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 120 words.
(vi) Question numbers 16, 17 and 18 are long answer questions of 5 marks each.
Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 150 words.
(vii) Question no. 19 contains test items of very short answer. It is of 5 marks.
(viii) Outline maps of the world and India provided to you must be attached with your
(ix) Use of templates or stencils for drawing outline maps is allowed.
1. Which approach was followed by Vidal de la Blache to study human geography ? Describe
its main characteristic. 1+2=3
2. What is shifting cultivation ? Explain its two demerits. 1+2=3
3. Explain three advantages of pipeline transport system. 3×1=3
4. What is rain water harvesting ? Write its any four objectives. 1+2=3
5. Describe the importance of service sector in the economic development of the world by
giving three suitable examples. 3×1=3
6. What is intensity of cropping ? Name any four states in which the intensity of cropping
is very high. 1+2=3
7. Distinguish between natural resources and human resources by stating three points of
8. What is the role of sea-ports in the foreign trade of India ? Write any three points in this
9. Draw or trace in your answer-book the outline map of India with the help of map
given below and mark the following therein : 1+1+1=3
(9.1) Industrial region No. 2 with its name.
(9.2) Industrial region No. 4 with its name.4
For Blind Candidates only in lieu of Question No. 9.
(9.1) Name one major industrial region in the state of West Bengal.
(9.2) Name one industrial region in the state of Gujarat.
(9.3) What is an industrial complex ?
10. Study the following map and answer the questions given below : 3×1 = 3
(10.1) Name the railway line shown in this map.
(10.2) In which country does this railway line lie ?
(10.3) Name the stations marked in the map as A and B.
For Blind Candidates only in lieu of Question No. 10.
(10.1) Name the longest railway line in the world.
(10.2) In which country does this railway line lie ?
(10.3) Name the two terminal stations of this railway line.
11. Explain any four salient features of Indian cities. 4×1 = 4
12. Explain any four geographical factors, in the context of the world, that affect the location
of an industry at a particular place. 4×1=4
13. DEVELOPMENT OF SUPER HIGHWAYS IN INDIA
Project T otal Connecting/Terminal Already Under Contracts Completion Length Points Completed Implementation to be Target awarded for Golden Delhi-Mumbai- Substantial Quadrilateral 5,846 Kms. Chennai-Kolkata- 1,159 Kms. 4,551 Kms. 36 Kms. completion Delhi by Dec. 2003 North-South Srinagar to and Kanyakumari East-West 7,300 Kms. 800 Kms. 688 Kms. 5,812 Kms. Dec. 2007 Corridors Silchar to Porbandar Connectivity to Kandla, Jawaharlal 10 Major Ports Nehru, Mormugoa, Mangalore, Cochin, 363 Kms. Tuticorin, Chennai & 56 Kms. 113 Kms. 194 Kms. Dec. 2005 Ennore,
Vishakhapatnam, Paradip and Haldia Others 653 Kms. 136 Kms. 179 Kms. 338 Kms. Dec. 2007
Study the above table and answer the questions given below: 4×1 = 4
(13.1) What is the total length of Golden Quadrilateral ?
(13.2) Name the connecting points of North-South corridor.
(13.3) What is the completion target of connectivity to 10 major ports of India ?
(13.4) What will be the main effect of these super highways after their completion ?7
14. Describe any four problems of urban waste disposal with reference to Indian cities. 4×1=4
15. Study the graph given below and answer the following questions : 1+1+2=4
(15.1) Name the country with which U.S.A.’s exports and imports both are lowest.
(15.2) Name one country with which the balance of trade of the U.S.A. is most
(15.3) Name the country with which the total value of foreign trade of the U.S.A. is the
highest. Support your answer with the data given in the graph.
16. Define the term ‘migration’. Explain any four factors which are responsible for the
migration of people in India. 1+4=5
17. Define ‘density of population’. Explain with examples any four factors influencing the
density of population in the world. 1+4=5
18. Describe five main problems associated with the urban settlements in the developing
countries of the world. 5×1=5
19. (19.1) In the given outline map of the World four features are shown as A, B, C and D.
Identify them with the help of the map legend and write their correct names on
the dotted lines given in the map. 4×½=2
(19.2) On the given political outline map of India provided to you, locate and label the
following with appropriate symbols : 3×1=3
(i) A nuclear power plant in Rajasthan.
(ii) One major sea-port in Gujarat.
(iii) A state where Tamil is mainly spoken.10
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