CBSE Board Class 12 Geography Previous Year Question Papers 2009
CBSE Board Previous Year Question Papers 2009 for Class 12 Geography
Time allowed : 3 Hours Maximum Marks : 70
General Instructions :
(i) There are 19 general questions.
(ii) All questions are compulsory.
(iii) Marks for each question are indicated against it.
(iv) Question numbers 1 to 10 are short answer questions carrying 3 marks each.
Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 80 words.
(v) Question numbers 11 to 15 are also short answer questions carrying 4 marks each.
Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 120 words.
(vi) Question numbers 16, 17 and 18 are long answer questions of 5 marks each.
Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 150 words.
(vii) Question no. 19 contains test items of very short answer. It is of 5 marks.
(viii) Outline maps of the world and India provided to you must be attached with your
(ix) Use of templates or stencils for drawing outline maps is allowed.
1. Which are the three core points of the definition of human geography given by Ellen C.
Semple ? 3×1=3
2. State three characteristics each of tertiary and quaternary activities. 1½+1½=3
3. Why is agriculture still an important primary activity in the world ? Explain three
4. State three main factors which contribute in the growth of railways in the world. 3×1=3
5. State two main characteristics of major seaports of India. Name any two States which
have two major ports. 2+½+½=3
6. In what three ways natural resources help humans ? Explain with suitable examples
from India. 3×1=3
7. What is rainwater harvesting ? State its four main objectives. 1+2=3
8. Why is agricultural productivity still low in India ? Write three main reasons. 3×1=3
9. Draw or trace in your answer-book the outline map of India, with the help of map given on
page 3 and mark the following therein :
(9.1) Industrial region No. 3 with its name.
(9.2) Industrial region No. 5 with its name. 1+1+1=33
10. Study the following map and answer the questions given below :
(10.1) Name the railway line shown in this map.
(10.2) In which country this railway line lies ?
(10.3) Name the two ocean coasts which are linked by this railway line. 3×1 = 3
11. “The internal structure of an Indian rural house is according to the lifestyle and social and
economic status of the inhabitant.” Explain this statement by giving four examples. 4×1 = 4
12. “Services are very important for economic development in the world.” Elaborate the
statement by explaining four major components of service sector. 4×1 = 4
13. Development of Super Highways in India
Project T otal Connecting Already Under Contracts Completion length Completed Implemen- to be Target tation awarded for Golden 5,846 Kms. Delhi-Mumbai-Chennai- 1,159 Kms. 4,551 Kms. 136 Kms. Substantial Quadrilateral Kolkata-Delhi completion by Dec. 2003 North-South Srinagar to Kanyakumari and 7,300 Kms. 800 Kms. 688 Kms. 5,812 Kms. Dec. 2007
East-West Silchar to Saurashtra Corridors (Porbandar) Connectivity to Kandla, Jawaharlal 10 major ports 363 Kms. Nehru, Mormugoa, 56 Kms. 113 Kms. 194 Kms. Dec. 2005 Mangalore, Cochin, Tuticorin, Chennai & Ennore, Vishakhapatnam,
Paradip and Haldia Others 653 Kms. 136 Kms. 179 Kms. 338 Kms. Dec. 2007
Study the above table and answer the questions given below:
(13.1) What is the total length of North-South and East-West Corridors ?
(13.2) What is the completion target of these Corridors ?
(13.3) Name the four metropolitan cities of India which are to be connected by the
Golden Quadrilateral. 1+1+2 = 46
14. Describe any four sources of air pollution in India. 4×1 = 4
15. Study the diagram given on page 7 and answer the following questions :
(15.1) Name the country with which both the import and export of the U.S.A. are
(15.2) How much is the total value of trade of the U.S.A. with Western Europe ?
(15.3) How much is the value of imports of the U.S.A. from Japan ?7
(15.4) What is the balance of trade of the U.S.A. with Canada ? 4×1 = 4
For Blind Candidates only in lieu of Q. No. 15.
(15.1) What situation arises if exports exceed imports ?
(15.2) What is balance of trade ?
(15.3) What is negative balance of trade ?
(15.4) What is the meaning of bilateral trade ? 4×1 = 4
16. Explain the term ‘Human Development’. Why is Human Development necessary ? Give
four reasons. 1+4=5
17. What are the ‘squatter settlements’ and ‘slums’ ? Describe three main characteristics of
squatter settlements. 2+3=5
18. Describe in brief, five different types of areas of low density of population in the world.
19. (19.1) In the given outline map of the world four features are shown as A, B, C and D.
Identify them with the help of map legend and write their correct names on the
dotted lines given in the map. 4×½=2
(19.2) On the outline political map of India provided to you, locate and label the
following with appropriate symbols :
(i) A nuclear power plant in Tamil Nadu.
(ii) One major seaport in Karnataka.
(iii) A state where Telugu is mainly spoken. 3×1=3
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