CBSE Board Functional English Sample Papers for Class 11
Class – XI
Subject –Functional English
SECTION - A (Reading)
Q.1 Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow. (12)
1. Global warming is the warming up of the earth due to the trapping of gases like carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, methane and nitrous oxide, when the atmosphere fails to perform its function of acting as a protective blanket. The incoming solar radiation is partly absorbed by carbon dioxide, though a vastly higher amount of the outgoing radiation is trapped in the atmosphere.
2. Carbon dioxide possesses immense staying properties in the atmosphere. It is being speculated that carbon dioxide concentrations may double in about a century.
3. This increased carbon dioxide level, according to predictions, indicates an increase in temperature ranging from 1.5-4 degrees Celsius, or a rise in sea levels by about 50cms by AD 2100.
4. However, Earth apparently has its own system of checks and balances. Water vapour in the atmosphere is known to absorb radiation more than any other atmospheric component.
5. A doubling of carbon dioxide concentration would increase the capacity of the Earth’s surface to absorb infra-red radiation by about 4 watts per square metre, though over all, the levels of absorption would be small.
6. Volcanic eruptions, too, are believed to be responsible for reduction in the carbon dioxide contents in the atmosphere. A massive volcanic eruption in Philippines had in fact a cooling impact.
7. Cooling through volcanic eruptions is believed to release certain gases into the atmosphere, which are responsible for increase in the carbon dioxide content in the atmosphere.
8. Measurement of the incident of CO2 in the atmosphere made in Hawaii indicate that during 1992-93 about two billion tonnes of the gas was found missing from the atmosphere.
9. As far as the impact of ozone depletion is concerned, it seems to be dictated more by political considerations, than any other factor. This increased burning of fossil fuels for energy is largely responsible for the increase in temperature through ozone depletion.
10. A tug-of-war has been going on among the industrialized countries and the developing countries on the share of the blame. In fact, the US, the erstwhile USSR, Brazil and China account for almost half of the net global emissions of harmful gases such as CFCs. While North America generates about 5 tonnes per head of carbon dioxide, Africa, China and India together generate approximately 1 tonne of CO2 per head.
11. Developing countries, on the other hand, are charged with emission of methane largely generated from paddy fields and discharge of animals.
12. However, despite the fact that 1995 was one of the hottest years of the century, snowfalls have been recorded in some part of the world – notably on the eastern coast of America and in Jammu and Kashmir.
13. Moreover, over the last 50 years, the Arctic climate has not been undergoing any noticeable temperature changes. In fact, till 1975, global temperatures had been undergoing a downward trend. Could the recent spurt in temperatures be a natural cyclical process, or temporary offshoot of the shifting pressure belts?
14. Given the rising temperatures, growing seasons would be prolonged. Higher temperatures would also lead to an increased evaporation from oceans, thereby intensifying cloudiness, leading to moderate temperatures during the day and warmer nights.
15. Warmer temperatures during the night enhance agricultural productivity. Increased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere will also result in an increase in fertility.
16. Global warming will also have an impact on the EI Nino phenomenon – the circulation of weather disturbances around the world as a result of the warming of Pacific Oceans around the tropics.
17. However, a few questions remain in the ongoing debate on global warming.
18. The process of heat transfer in the atmosphere–convection – is a field in which a lot of research needs to be done.
19. Secondly, clouds and vapour are known to be major absorbers of incoming radiation back into space.
20. If the cloud cover, as a result of increased evaporation due to rising temperature, were to increase, it would result in more containment.
21. Plants, which both absorb and release carbon dioxide, too have a crucial role to play. Their role, however, has been till now underestimated. (685 Words)
1.1 Answer the following questions as briefly as possible.
a) What is the function of the earth’s atmosphere? (2)
b) What is increased amount of carbon dioxide likely to lead to? (2)
c) How does water vapour balance the effect of carbon dioxide? (2)
d) What is the cause of tug-of-war between industrialised and developing countries? (2)
e) What is the ‘EL Nino Phenomenon’? (2)
1.2 Find words in the passage that mean the same as the following: (1+1=2)
a) Arrested (Para 1)
b) Sudden increase (Para 13)
Q.2 Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow. (08)
1. It’s a headache having a headache. Almost all of us have suffered from a headache at some time or the other. For some a headache is a constant companion and life can be a painful hell of wasted time.
2. The most important step to cope with headaches is to identify the type of headache one is suffering from. In tension headaches (two-hand headache), a feeling of a tight band around the head exists along with pain in the neck and shoulders. It usually follows activities such as long stretches of driving, typing or sitting on the desk. They are usually short –timed, but can last for days or weeks.
3. A headache is usually caused due to spinal misalignments to the head, due to poor posture. Sleeping on the stomach with the head turned to one side and bending over positions for a long time make it worse.
4. In migraine head aches (one-hand headaches), the pain is usually on one side of the head and may be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, irritability and bright spots or flashes of light. This headache is made worse by activity, especially bending. The throbbing pain in the head gets worse by noise
and light. Certain triggers for migraines may be chocolate, caffeine, smoking or MSU in certain food items. The pain may last from eight to 24 hours and there may be a hangover for two-three days.
5. Migraines are often preceded by an “aura”–-changes in sight and sensation. There is usually a family history of migraine.
6. In a headache, the pain originates not from the brain but from irritated nerves of muscles, blood vessels and bones. These send pain signals to the brain which then judges the degree of distress and relays it to appropriate sites. The pain may sometimes be referred to sites other than the problem areas. This is known as referred pain and occurs due to sensation overload. Thus, though most headaches start at the base of the skull, the referred pain is felt typically behind the eyes.
7. Factors causing head aches are not fully understood but it is known that a shift in the level of body hormones and chemicals, certain food and drinks and environmental stress cap trigger them.
8. If headaches trouble you often, visit the doctor, who will take a full health history relating to diet, lifestyle, stresses, the type of headache, triggering factors and relief measures. You may be asked to keep a “headache diary” which tells you to list–-the time the headache started, when it ended, emotional, environmental and food and drink factors which may have contributed to it. The type and severity of pain and the medications used which provided most relief, are also to be listed. This helps the doctor in determining the exact cause and type of headache and the type of drugs to use. Apart from this a physical examination is done to rule out any serious underlying cause. The blood pressure is recorded, vision tested and muscle coordination of the eyes is checked to rule out these as causes. Blood tests may be done to rule out anaemia, diabetes and thyroid diseases. If any of the above is abnormal or otherwise a CT Scan or MRI may be done to see tissues and structures around the brain. These will rule out causes such as tumours, haemorrhage and infection of the brain. This examination gives a clear picture of the problem to the doctor.
9. Immediate relief can be obtained by certain medications and a few simple self-care techniques. Using ice against the pain site, covering eyes with dark glasses, drinking plenty of fluids and lying down in a dark and quiet room, provide relief in a migraine attack. Pain killers like aspirin, ibuprofen (brufen) and acetommophen (crocin) can be taken and provide relief in different proportions. These should be used with caution and under medical supervision if used for long periods and large quantities as all of them can cause many side effects. An antiemetic like perinorm can help the nausea associated with a migraine. (674 Words)
2.1 On the basis of your reading of the above passage make notes on it, using recognizable abbreviations wherever necessary. Use a format you consider suitable. Supply a suitable title. (05)
2.2 Write a summary of the above passage in about 80 words. (03)
SECTION - B (Advanced Writing Skills)
Q.3 You are an eye-witness to a road accident resulting in loss of human life and property. As a press-reporter of National Times, write a report in about 100 words. (04)
You recently attended the housewarming of your friend’s house and you are very much impressed by its outlook. Write a factual description of the house in not more than 100 words.
Q.4 You are ABC of class XI. Write an article in 100 – 150 words for your school magazine on any one of the following topics.
Recently you have visited Munnar, Kerala. You enjoyed your stay there. Describe “The joy of living in the lap of God’s Own Country”. (08)
“Advertisements are both a boon and a bane”.
Q.5 You read reports in the newspaper that CBSE is on the move to waive class X Board Examination. Parents, teachers and students have showed mixed response to this proposal. Most of them are of the opinion that it would be an unfair approach, while some others welcome it. Taking ideas from the verbal input given and your own ideas, write a letter to the Editor of National Daily, expressing your views on the issue and sign yourself as XYZ. Your letter should not exceed 150 words. (08)
Given Below is an advertisement for a job. You are qualified for it and you decide to apply for one of them. Write an application in response to this advertisement.
SECTION - C (Grammar)
Q.6 The following passage has not been edited. There is one error in each line. Write the incorrect word and the correction as given in the example against the correct blank number in your answer sheet. (½x8=4)
All life on earth can ultimately is e.g. is be
trace back to the sea. Creatures a)
with limbs or fingers rather than b)
fins has evolved from fishes c)
about 335 million years before, d)
which remain a mystery. The new e)
fossil find in a rock formation near Scotland f)
provides one of the few clue to what has been g)
happening on these 30 million years. h)
Q.7 Look at the sentences given below in a disorderly form. Re-order them to form meaningful sentences. (1x3=3)
a) silvery-green / her / the / trees / frightened / olive /.
b) in the / dancers / they / the / swayed / and / in / ghostly / like / wind / dark / rain /
c) ancestors / father / by / that / her / those / were / told / their / trees / planted / her.
Q.8 Change the voice. (½x6=3)
a)The pressure of the air lifts the plane.
b)They are holding a meeting.
c)You have stolen my necklace
d)He gave each of his sons a ring.
e)A scientist was making a study of ants.
She had never ridden a car before.
SECTION - D (Textbooks)
Q.9 Read the stanza given below and answer the questions that follow. (4)
Some twenty–-thirty–-years later
She’d laugh at the snapshot. “See Betty
And Dolly,” she’d say, “and look how they
Dressed us for the beach.” The sea holiday
Was her past, mine is her laughter. Both wry
With the laboured ease of loss.
a)Who is ‘she’ in the passage ? (1)
b)Why did the mother laugh at the snapshot ? (1)
c) What is the irony for both of them ? (1)
d) Explain: ‘laboured ease of loss’. (1)
Now she’s been dead nearly as many years
As that girl lived. And of this circumstance
There is nothing to say at all.
Its silence silences.
a)When did the poet’s mother die ? (1)
b)Explain: ‘nearly as many years as that girl lived.’ (1)
c)What is ‘this circumstance’ ? (1)
d)How does ‘silence’ intensify more ‘silence’ ? (1)
Q.10 Answer any two of the following questions in about 30 words. (3+3=6)
a) What has not changed over the years? Does this suggest something to you ?
b) Describe the photograph. When was it taken ?
c)Whose ‘terribly transient feet’ is the poet talking about? Why are they ‘transient’ ?
Q.11 Answer any five of the following questions in not more than 30 words. (2x5=10)
a) What did the priest teach at the village school ?
b) How is the grandmother ‘beautiful’ without being ‘pretty’ ?
c) Give a pen-picture of the grandfather as portrayed in “The Portrait of A Lady” ?
d) Why did the grandmother hate music ?
e) Compare Khushwant Singh’s village school and the English school in the city.
f)How did the sparrows mourn the death of the grandmother ?
Q.12 Answer any one of the following questions in not more than 100 words. (10x1=10)
a) Mention the three phases of Khushwant Singh’s relationship with his grandmother before he left the country to study abroad.
b) Mention three reasons why Khushwant Singh’s grandmother was disturbed when he started going to the city school.
Q.13 Answer any one of the following questions in not more than 100 words. (4x1=4)
a) Who stole the horse and why ? How did they use the horse and what made them return it to its true owner ?
b) Give a character sketch of uncle Khosrove. Narrate the incident that proves that he was indeed Crazy.
Q.14 Answer any two of the following questions in about 30 words. (3+3=6)
a) Comment upon Aram’s mixed emotions on seeing Mourad and the White Horse.
b) What was John Byro’s reaction when he saw his White Horse with Aram and Mourad ?
c) Describe the first sole riding experience of Aram.
CBSE Board Functional English Sample Papers for Class 11 by Year
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