Andhra Pradesh Board Sociology Syllabus for Class 12

Andhra Pradesh Board Syllabus for Class 12 Sociology



To Revise the syllabus and to acquaint the student with the
emerging social problems;

To adopt the CBSE sociology syllabus with suitable modifications to suit the local
and Regional needs;

To impart and inculcate the requisite social skills for enhancing employability of
the students in the areas of social, Human Resource Development and poverty
alleviation Developmental programmes and NGO Sector; and to inculcate civic
awareness and spirit of civic responsibility.

Structure and problems.



Social values and Ethos of Traditional Indian Society – Purushardhas, Ashrama
Dharmas; Caste system – Definition, Characteristics, Changing trends; Land – Land
ownership patterns, Caste & Social relations, land reforms, changing trends of land
ownership and Agrarian relationships; Rural – Urban devide – Emerging urban scenario
and panchayat Raj.

Social structure of Indian Society:

Unity in Diversity:


Diversities in the Indian Society – Linguistic diversities; Religious & Ethnic
diversities; and Demographic & Geographical diversities. Unity in Diversity – Nature,
Reasons, threats & Risilence.


The nature of Social inequalities – The disadvantaged groups – S.C, S.T., OBC
Minorities & Women – The nature of disadvantage, problems of disadvantages,
measures to eliminate disadvantage.


Meaning, definition, nature & types of social problems; Social disorganization;
Meaning & nature types, causes; Crime: Meaning, types and causes; Juvenile
delinquency – meaning and causes; Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization (LPG)
and emerging nature of Social problems; employment insecurity, suicides, competition.


Development programmes & problems of displacement & Rehabilitation;
Development and Environmental degradation, Consequences of Environmental
degradation, Environmental protection, Social Legislations; Women Empowerment –
Status of Women, problems of Women, the need for women empowerment, measures
to attain women empowerment; Demographic problems – The problem of over
population, the problems of public health – HIV, AIDS, communicable diseases, mother
& child health care.

The disadvantaged groups in India:

Social Problems

Contemporary Social problems in India:


Social Policies addressing social issues in India – Five year plans, Economic
programme and social programmes. Social legislations addressing social problems –
Untouchability Act, Age at Marriage Act, Dowry prohibition Act, Child labour Act,
Abolition of Bonded labour.


Community Development & Community organization – Meaning, need for
Community development, Basic Principles of Community organization, Forming a group
& conducting meetings. Basic principles of participatory methods for community
planning and action; Elements of extension methods and counseling, Social audit.


Meaning and need for civic awareness & civic responsibility, Fundamental Rights
and duties; Rights of S.C, S.T., Minorities, Women & Children; Problems of Right and

Social Policy & Programmes

Social Skills for Intervention

Civic awareness & Civic responsibility

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