# Andhra Pradesh Board Physics Syllabus for Class 11

## Andhra Pradesh Board Syllabus for Class 11 Physics

COURSE STRUCTURE

PHYSICS

CLASS 11

Unit-1. Introduction of Physics Fundamental mathematical Concepts and Measurement

1.1 Meaning of Physics, Ancient Indian physics, Nature of Physical laws and its

relationship with mathematics, Technology and other branches of science and society.

1.2 Mathematical concepts - Revision of Geomatrical concepts (Pythagorus

theorem), Use of elementary Algebraic identities (Solution of quadratic equation

sp. refrence to Shridharacharya ), use of Binomial theorem in physics, Logarithm.

trigonometric ratios, trigonometric formulae, (Sum, difference and product),

Concept of Function, elementary knowledge of formulae for differentiation and

integration.

1.3Vector and scaler quantities, types of vectors, Unit vector, Addition of vectors,

resolution of vectors in a plane, rectangular resolved parts, vectors in two

and three dimensions, scaler and vector product of two vectors.

1.4Measurement of physical quantities -

Need for measurement, measurement in ancient India, fundamental and derived

quantities, Units of measurement, systems of units, S.I. Units, dimensional analysis,

application and limitations. Accuracy and errors in measurement, type of errors

and their combinations, order of magnitude, significant figure and number of significant

figures in a calculation.

*Questions should not be set from these portions in examinations.

Unit 2 Kinematics -

Knowledge of one, two and three dimensional motions, examples from daily life

2.1One dimensional motion, uniform and non uninform motion in straight line, position - time

graph, speed, average speed, instantaneous speed, velocity, average velocity instantaneous

velocity, and relative velocity, uniform accelerated motion, velocity- time graph, relationship

between displacement, velocity and acceleration. Elementry Knowladge of diffrentiations

integration for describing motion.

2.2Two dimensional motion rectangular components of position, displacement, velocity and

acceleration, projectile motion, uniform circular motion, general examples of three

dimensional motion.

Unit 3. Force and Laws of motion -

Concepts of force, (Reference to the " Maharishi Kanad" and his work named "veg

sanskar") and inertia, types of inertia, Newton's first law of motion, momentum second law

of motion, impulse, third law of motion, conservation of linear momentum and its applications,

rocket propulsion, equilibrium of concurrent forces. Friction, Static and kinetic friction,

laws of friction, rolling friction, advantages and disadvantages of friction, means to minimise

frame

the friction. Elementary idea of inertial and non-inertial farms of reference. Circular motion-

uniform circular motion, centripetal accleration. Centripetal force, examples of uniform

circular motion (motion of vehicles on plane and banked circular path) Examples of Non

uniform circular motion (circular motion in vertical plane). Concepts of pseudo force,

centrifugal force and its examples.

Unit 4. Rotational motion of rigid bodies -

Centre of mass of two particle system, Generalization for N particles. Conservation of

momentum, motion of centre of mass, centre of mass of a rigid body, concept of rotational

motion about a fixed axis, moment of force, torque (vector representation),

moment of inertia and its physical interpretation, radius of gyration. Theorems of parallel

and perpendicular axes for calculation of moment of inertia, moments of inertia of thin rod,

circular ring, disc, sphere and cylinder (derivation not needed). Concept of angular

momentum and its geometric representation, law of conservation of angular momentum

and its applications, examples of binary systems in nature (Binary stars, earth, moon,

diatomic molecule).

Unit 5. Work, Energy and Power

Concept of work, work done by constant and variable force, units and its dimensional

formula, conservative and non-conservative forces, Energy, forms of energy, kinetic energy

and its measurement, relation between momentum and kinetic energy, work energy theorem.

Potential energy and its measurement, conservative force and potential energy, potential

energy of spring, law of conservation of energy, transfer of potential energy of a freely

falling body, elastic and in elastic collision, one and two dimensional elastic, and inelastic

collision, power, different units of power and relationship between them.

them. Specific heat of mono atomic and di atomic gasses.

9.3. Transfer of Heat-

Conductions, variable and steady state of temperature and temperature gradient, coefficient

Unit 6 Gravitation -

Introduction (With special reference to ancient indian scientist "BHASKARACHARYA,

ARYABHATT etc)

The universal Law of gravitation, gravitational constant, its units and dimensional formula,

acceleration due to gravity, change in its value with change in longitude, altitude and depth,

height, Mass and density of earth, inertial and gravitational mass, gravitational field and

gravitational potential, gravitational potential energy, Escape velocity, reason of absence

of atmosphere on moon, orbital speed and time period of revolution of satellite, geostationary

and polar satellite and their applications.

Weightlessness in satellites. Kepler's laws of planetary motion, verification of second

and third law of Kepler's (for circular orbit), explanation of Newton's law of gravitation

with the help of Kepler's law.

Unit 7. General properties of matter -

Solid - Inter molecular distance and inter molecular force, rigidity and brittleness

Elasticity -Meaning and definition of elasticity also with special reference to Nyay

Karikavali stress, strain, elastic limit, Hooke's law, young's modulus, poissons ratio, modulus

of elasticity and its types, elastic fatigue, elastic after effect, elasticities of gases and their

inter relationship.

Fluid - Fluid pressure, pascal's law and its applications (hydrolic lift and hydrolic

Breaks,) upthrust, Laws of Floatation, Archimedies principle, Atmospheric pressure,

Torricelle's experiment. Surface Tension, surface energy, Angle of contact, application of

surface tension, cappillarity, effect of gravity on fluid pressure capillarity, determination of

surface tension by capillary meniscus, Excess pressure in side drops and bubbles.

Stream line and turbulent flow, viscosity and coefficient of viscosity Reynold's number,

equation of continuity, Bernoulli's theorem and its applications, Stoke's laws (fall of sphere

in liquid) terminal velocity.

Unit 8. Oscillations and wave motion -

Oscillation - Periodic motion, simple harmonic motion and its characteristics, expression

for displacement, velocity, accelerlaration and time period of simple harmonic motion,

relation between circular motion of a reference particle and simple harmonic motion, phase

difference, oscillation of spring, restoring force and spring constant.

Energy in simple Harmonic motion, potential and kinetic energy simple pendulum and

expression of its time period, free forced and damped oscillations (qualitative idea only)

resonance, coupled oscillation.

Waves - wave motion, wave propagation, transverse and longitudinal waves, progressive

waves, displacement relation for progressive wave, principle of superposition of waves,

reflection of waves, stationary waves (In strings and pipes), Normal mode beats (with

mathematical Analysis), Doppler effect.

Unit 9. Calorimetry and Conduction of Heat-

9.1.Thermometry and thermal Expansion- Thermometry, heat, Temperature,

thermal equilibrium and temperature, zeroeth law of thermodynamics, Elementary

Knowledge of thermometers, Mercury thermometer. Jolly's constant volume air

thermometer, standard hydrogen gas thermometer, absolute scale of temperature and gas

laws, triple point of water, resistance thermometer, thermal Expansion, coefficients of

thermal Expansion and relation between them, application of thermal Expansion in daily

life. Expansion in Liquid, Change in density of solids and liquids with temperature.

9.2. Specific heat of Solids and gases-

Specific heat of Solids, Dulong and Petits Laws, specific heat of gasses, relation between

Unit 10.

of thermal conductivity, Determination of coefficient of thermal conductivity by Searle's

apparatus. Applications of thermal Conductivity, convection, radiation, nature of themal

radiation, Black body, absorption, transmission, reflection, emmisive power and emissivity,

Privost's law of heat exchange, Kirchhof's Law and its uses, energy distribution in black

body radiation, Wein's displacement law, stefan's Law, Planck's law of radiation, Newton's

law of cooling, derivation of Newton's Law of cooling from Stefan's Law, verification of

Newton's Law of cooling (Cooling curves)

Unit 11. Thermodynamics:-

Definitions related to thermodynamics, P-V graph, work done in the expansion of gases,

isothermal, adiabatic and cyclic process, internal energy of gases, first Law of

thermodynamics and its applications, mechanical equivalent of heat, thermodynamic

variables, equation of state,Vander wall's Equation of state reversible and irreversible

process, heat engine, Carnot's engine and its efficiency, refrigerator coefficient of

performance, second law of thermodynamics.

PHYSICS

CLASS 11

Unit-1. Introduction of Physics Fundamental mathematical Concepts and Measurement

1.1 Meaning of Physics, Ancient Indian physics, Nature of Physical laws and its

relationship with mathematics, Technology and other branches of science and society.

1.2 Mathematical concepts - Revision of Geomatrical concepts (Pythagorus

theorem), Use of elementary Algebraic identities (Solution of quadratic equation

sp. refrence to Shridharacharya ), use of Binomial theorem in physics, Logarithm.

trigonometric ratios, trigonometric formulae, (Sum, difference and product),

Concept of Function, elementary knowledge of formulae for differentiation and

integration.

1.3Vector and scaler quantities, types of vectors, Unit vector, Addition of vectors,

resolution of vectors in a plane, rectangular resolved parts, vectors in two

and three dimensions, scaler and vector product of two vectors.

1.4Measurement of physical quantities -

Need for measurement, measurement in ancient India, fundamental and derived

quantities, Units of measurement, systems of units, S.I. Units, dimensional analysis,

application and limitations. Accuracy and errors in measurement, type of errors

and their combinations, order of magnitude, significant figure and number of significant

figures in a calculation.

*Questions should not be set from these portions in examinations.

Unit 2 Kinematics -

Knowledge of one, two and three dimensional motions, examples from daily life

2.1One dimensional motion, uniform and non uninform motion in straight line, position - time

graph, speed, average speed, instantaneous speed, velocity, average velocity instantaneous

velocity, and relative velocity, uniform accelerated motion, velocity- time graph, relationship

between displacement, velocity and acceleration. Elementry Knowladge of diffrentiations

integration for describing motion.

2.2Two dimensional motion rectangular components of position, displacement, velocity and

acceleration, projectile motion, uniform circular motion, general examples of three

dimensional motion.

Unit 3. Force and Laws of motion -

Concepts of force, (Reference to the " Maharishi Kanad" and his work named "veg

sanskar") and inertia, types of inertia, Newton's first law of motion, momentum second law

of motion, impulse, third law of motion, conservation of linear momentum and its applications,

rocket propulsion, equilibrium of concurrent forces. Friction, Static and kinetic friction,

laws of friction, rolling friction, advantages and disadvantages of friction, means to minimise

frame

the friction. Elementary idea of inertial and non-inertial farms of reference. Circular motion-

uniform circular motion, centripetal accleration. Centripetal force, examples of uniform

circular motion (motion of vehicles on plane and banked circular path) Examples of Non

uniform circular motion (circular motion in vertical plane). Concepts of pseudo force,

centrifugal force and its examples.

Unit 4. Rotational motion of rigid bodies -

Centre of mass of two particle system, Generalization for N particles. Conservation of

momentum, motion of centre of mass, centre of mass of a rigid body, concept of rotational

motion about a fixed axis, moment of force, torque (vector representation),

moment of inertia and its physical interpretation, radius of gyration. Theorems of parallel

and perpendicular axes for calculation of moment of inertia, moments of inertia of thin rod,

circular ring, disc, sphere and cylinder (derivation not needed). Concept of angular

momentum and its geometric representation, law of conservation of angular momentum

and its applications, examples of binary systems in nature (Binary stars, earth, moon,

diatomic molecule).

Unit 5. Work, Energy and Power

Concept of work, work done by constant and variable force, units and its dimensional

formula, conservative and non-conservative forces, Energy, forms of energy, kinetic energy

and its measurement, relation between momentum and kinetic energy, work energy theorem.

Potential energy and its measurement, conservative force and potential energy, potential

energy of spring, law of conservation of energy, transfer of potential energy of a freely

falling body, elastic and in elastic collision, one and two dimensional elastic, and inelastic

collision, power, different units of power and relationship between them.

them. Specific heat of mono atomic and di atomic gasses.

9.3. Transfer of Heat-

Conductions, variable and steady state of temperature and temperature gradient, coefficient

Unit 6 Gravitation -

Introduction (With special reference to ancient indian scientist "BHASKARACHARYA,

ARYABHATT etc)

The universal Law of gravitation, gravitational constant, its units and dimensional formula,

acceleration due to gravity, change in its value with change in longitude, altitude and depth,

height, Mass and density of earth, inertial and gravitational mass, gravitational field and

gravitational potential, gravitational potential energy, Escape velocity, reason of absence

of atmosphere on moon, orbital speed and time period of revolution of satellite, geostationary

and polar satellite and their applications.

Weightlessness in satellites. Kepler's laws of planetary motion, verification of second

and third law of Kepler's (for circular orbit), explanation of Newton's law of gravitation

with the help of Kepler's law.

Unit 7. General properties of matter -

Solid - Inter molecular distance and inter molecular force, rigidity and brittleness

Elasticity -Meaning and definition of elasticity also with special reference to Nyay

Karikavali stress, strain, elastic limit, Hooke's law, young's modulus, poissons ratio, modulus

of elasticity and its types, elastic fatigue, elastic after effect, elasticities of gases and their

inter relationship.

Fluid - Fluid pressure, pascal's law and its applications (hydrolic lift and hydrolic

Breaks,) upthrust, Laws of Floatation, Archimedies principle, Atmospheric pressure,

Torricelle's experiment. Surface Tension, surface energy, Angle of contact, application of

surface tension, cappillarity, effect of gravity on fluid pressure capillarity, determination of

surface tension by capillary meniscus, Excess pressure in side drops and bubbles.

Stream line and turbulent flow, viscosity and coefficient of viscosity Reynold's number,

equation of continuity, Bernoulli's theorem and its applications, Stoke's laws (fall of sphere

in liquid) terminal velocity.

Unit 8. Oscillations and wave motion -

Oscillation - Periodic motion, simple harmonic motion and its characteristics, expression

for displacement, velocity, accelerlaration and time period of simple harmonic motion,

relation between circular motion of a reference particle and simple harmonic motion, phase

difference, oscillation of spring, restoring force and spring constant.

Energy in simple Harmonic motion, potential and kinetic energy simple pendulum and

expression of its time period, free forced and damped oscillations (qualitative idea only)

resonance, coupled oscillation.

Waves - wave motion, wave propagation, transverse and longitudinal waves, progressive

waves, displacement relation for progressive wave, principle of superposition of waves,

reflection of waves, stationary waves (In strings and pipes), Normal mode beats (with

mathematical Analysis), Doppler effect.

Unit 9. Calorimetry and Conduction of Heat-

9.1.Thermometry and thermal Expansion- Thermometry, heat, Temperature,

thermal equilibrium and temperature, zeroeth law of thermodynamics, Elementary

Knowledge of thermometers, Mercury thermometer. Jolly's constant volume air

thermometer, standard hydrogen gas thermometer, absolute scale of temperature and gas

laws, triple point of water, resistance thermometer, thermal Expansion, coefficients of

thermal Expansion and relation between them, application of thermal Expansion in daily

life. Expansion in Liquid, Change in density of solids and liquids with temperature.

9.2. Specific heat of Solids and gases-

Specific heat of Solids, Dulong and Petits Laws, specific heat of gasses, relation between

Unit 10.

of thermal conductivity, Determination of coefficient of thermal conductivity by Searle's

apparatus. Applications of thermal Conductivity, convection, radiation, nature of themal

radiation, Black body, absorption, transmission, reflection, emmisive power and emissivity,

Privost's law of heat exchange, Kirchhof's Law and its uses, energy distribution in black

body radiation, Wein's displacement law, stefan's Law, Planck's law of radiation, Newton's

law of cooling, derivation of Newton's Law of cooling from Stefan's Law, verification of

Newton's Law of cooling (Cooling curves)

Unit 11. Thermodynamics:-

Definitions related to thermodynamics, P-V graph, work done in the expansion of gases,

isothermal, adiabatic and cyclic process, internal energy of gases, first Law of

thermodynamics and its applications, mechanical equivalent of heat, thermodynamic

variables, equation of state,Vander wall's Equation of state reversible and irreversible

process, heat engine, Carnot's engine and its efficiency, refrigerator coefficient of

performance, second law of thermodynamics.

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