Andhra Pradesh Board Geography Syllabus for Class 12


Andhra Pradesh Board Syllabus for Class 12 Geography

Geography Syllabus
Class-12

1. Human Geography :
2. Man and Environment:
3. World Population
4. Human activities

SECTION - I

Definition, Content and scope
Definition, Content, Classification of environment,
Environmental impact.
Growth, Factors influencing, density and distribution
Primary, Secondary and tertiary activities

SECTION – II

5. Resources

6. Agriculture

7. Minerals

8. Industries

9. Transportation

Definition, Classification and Conservation

Definition, Types, food crops (Rice and wheat) Non
food crops (Cotton, Sugarcane) and Plantation crops
(Rubber, tea and coffee) their Significance, Conditions
for cultivation, production and distribution.

Definition and Classification (Metallic - Iron), non
Metallic – bauxite and (fuel minerals - coal and
petroleum)

Location factors, types of industries
1. Agro – based (Cotton textiles)
2. Forest based (Paper mills)
3. Mineral based (Iron and steel)
4. Chemical based (Fertilizers)

Road ways, Railways, Water ways and Air ways
Rail ways: Intensive net work rail way, Regional rail
ways and Trans continental railways
Water ways: Mjor sea ports: London, San Francisco,
Reo De Janeiro, Cape Town, Kolkata and Sydney
Major Air ports: Tokyo, Paris, Chicago, Bogota and
Wellington

SECTION – III

1. Physical features of India : Major features - Northern mountains, Indo – Gangetic
plains, Peninsular plateau of India and coastal plains

2. Major rivers of India :

3. Climate of India
Perennial rivers: Indus, Ganges and Brahmaputra
Non Perennial rivers: Narmada, Tapati, Mahanadi,
Godavari, Krishna, Pennar and Cauvery

Cold weather season: Temperature Rainfall &
Pressure distribution
Hot weather season: Temperature, Rainfall &
Pressure distribution
South west monsoon season: Temperature, Rainfall &
Pressure distribution
North east monsoon season: Temperature, Rainfall &
Pressure distribution

4. Natural vegetation of India: Types of vegetation based on rainfall and their
distribution. Evergreen forest, deciduous forest, scrub
forest, & Thorny forest

5. Soils :

6. Population:

7. Irrigation:

8. Agriculture:

9. Minerals:

10. Industries:

11. Transportation:

12. Geography of Andhra Pradesh:


Definition, factors for formation, types and
their distribution.

Growth trends from 1901 to 2001, Distribution based
on density, problems of high population.

Types of irrigation: canals, wells and tanks. Major
multipurpose projects. Bakranangal, Hirakud,
Damodar valley corporation and Nagarjuna Sagar.

Cropped area, production and distribution of
selected crops: Rice, Wheat, Millets, Coffee, Tea,
Sugarcane, Cotton, Jute and tobacco; Problems of
Indian agriculture.

Production and distribution of coal, petroleum, iron,
mica and manganese, bauxite.

Location factors growth and distribution of iron and
steel, cotton textile and ship building industries.

Means of Transport – Road ways, Rail ways, Water
ways and Air ways; Major ports of India – Mumbai,
Cochin, Kandla, Kolkata, Visakhapatnam and Chennai.

Location, Physiography and Climate, Population

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